Chapter 1 A&P
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The Front Surface
The Back Surface
Anything closer to the head; Above
Anything closer toward the feet; Below
Closer toward the middle of the body; Starting point umbillical.
- Away from the middle of the body;
- Example: Your ears are lateral to your nose.
- Toward an attached base; the closer of two.
- Example: The thigh is proximal to the foot.
Away from an attached base
At,near, or close to the body surface.
Father from the body surface.
Gross Anatomy (Macroscopic)
Features that are visible withouta microscope.
Surface Anatomy (A Form of Gross Anatomy)
The Study of general form and superficial markings.
Reginal Anatomy (A Form of Gross Anatomy)
- Focuses on the anatomical organization of specific areas of the body.
- Example: Head or neck
Sysemic Anatomy (A Form of Gross Anatomy)
- The Study of the Structure of organ Systems.
- Example: Skeletal system or Muscular System
Develompental anatomy(A Form of Gross Anatomy)
- Describes the changes in form that occur between conception and physical maturity.
- Can also be cosidered as microsocpic anantomy.
Clinical anatomy (A Form of Gross Anatomy)
- A number of subspecialties important in clinical practice.
- Example: Pathological anatomy (anatomical features taht change during illness)
Deals with structures that cannot be seen without manification.
Cytology (Subdivision of Microsopic Anatomy)
The study of the internal structure of indiviual cells.
Histology (Subdivision of Microscopic Anatomy)
The examination of Tissues.
The Study of Structure.
The study of Funtions.
Tthe Study of the functions of cells; Considers events at the chemical and molecular levels.
- The study of the physiology of specific organs.
- Example: Cardiac physiology, the study of the heart function.
The study of all aspects of the functioning of specific organ systems.
The study of the effects of diseases on organ functions or system functions.
Refers to the existence of a stable internal environment.
(Homeo, unchanging + Stasis, Standing)
When a cell, a tissue, an organ, or a organ system adjusts its activites automatically in response to some encironmental change.
Result from the activities of the nervous system or endocrine system, two organ systems that control or adjust the activites of many other systems simultaneously.
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