world history chapter one vocab

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amelchioris15
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98452
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world history chapter one vocab
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2011-08-25 22:28:11
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world history
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world history chapter one vocab
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  1. what is a human-made object, such as a tool, weapon, or piece of jewelry
    artifact
  2. what is a people's unique way of life, as shown by its tools, customs, arts, and ideas
    culture
  3. what is a member of a biological group including human beings and related species that walk upright.
    hominid
  4. a cold period in which huge ice sheets spread outward from the polar regions, the last one of which lasted from about 1,600,000 to 10,000 B.C.
    ICE AGE
  5. a prehistoric period that lasted from about 2,500,000 to 8,000 B.C.
  6. a prehistoric period that began about 8000 B.C. and in some areas ended as early as 3000 B.C., during which people learned to polish stone tools, make pottery, grow crops, and raise animals- also called the new stone age
    neolithic age
  7. the ways in which people apply knowledge, tools, and inventions to meet their needs.
    technology
  8. the biological species to which modern human beings belong
    homo sapiens
  9. a member of a group that has no permanent home, wandering from place to place in search of food and water
    nomad
  10. a member of a nomadic group whose food supply depends on hunting animals and collecting plant foods
    hunter-gatherer
  11. a farming method in which people clear fields by cutting and burning trees and grasses, the ashes of which to fertilize the soil.
    slash-and-burn technique
  12. the tyaming of animals for human use
    domestication
  13. a from of trade in which people exchange goods and services without the use of money
    barter
  14. a period in human history, beginning around 3000 B.C. in some areas, during which people began using bronze, rather than copper or stone, to fashion tools and weapons.
    bronze age
  15. a system of writing with wedge-shaped symbols, invented by the Sumerians around 3000 B.C.
    cuneiform
  16. one of the professional record keepers in early civilizations
    scribe
  17. a skilled worker, such as a weaver or potter, who makes goods by hand
    artisan
  18. the devlopment of skills in a particular kind of work, such as trading or record keeping.
    specialization
  19. a form of culture characterized by cities, specialized workers, complex institutions, record keeping, and advanced technology
    civilization
  20. the major change in human life caused by the beginnings of farming- that is, by people's shift from food gathering to food producing
    agricultural revolution
  21. "upright man" was more intelligent then previous hominids. first to use fire first developed spoken language.
    homo erectus
  22. study a peoples culture
    anthropologist
  23. studies the earth
    geologist
  24. evidence of life preserved in rocks
    fossils
  25. period of time
    age/era
  26. before history was written; before writing
    prehistoric
  27. developed religious beliefs and performed rituals.
    neanderthal
  28. fully modern human created art planned hunts advanced skill in spoken language
    cromagnon
  29. a massive temple
    ziggurat
  30. the study of creatures that predate hominids
    paleontologist
  31. a period containing the paleolithic age and neolithic age
    stone age

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