medical terminology ch 3

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studysuccess
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98467
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medical terminology ch 3
Updated:
2011-08-25 23:29:29
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phlebotomy
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chapter 3 vocab
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  1. aden/o
    gland
  2. amni/o
    amnion (sac of fluid surrounding the embryo)
  3. angi/o
    vessel (usually a blood vessel)
  4. arteri/o
    artery
  5. arthr/o
    joint
  6. arther/o
    plaque (a yellow, fatty material)
  7. axill/o
    armpit (underarm)
  8. branch/o
    branchial tube
  9. branchi/o
    branchial tube
  10. carcin/o
    cancerous
  11. cardi/o
    heart
  12. chem/o
    drug; also chemical
  13. cholecyst/o
    gallbladder
  14. chron/o
    time
  15. col/o
    colon (large intestine or bowel)
  16. crani/o
    skull
  17. cry/o
    cold
  18. cyst/o
    urinary bladder; also a sac of fluid or a cyst
  19. electr/o
    electricity
  20. encephal/o
    brain
  21. erythr/o
    red
  22. esophag/o
    esophagus (tube leading from the throat to the stomach)
  23. hem/o
    blood
  24. hemat/o
    blood
  25. hyster/o
    tuerus
  26. inguin/o
    groin (area in which the thigh meets the trunk of the body)
  27. isch/o
    to hold back
  28. lapar/o
    abdomen (abdominal wall)
  29. laryng/o
    voice box (larynx)
  30. leuk/o
    white
  31. mamm/o
    • breast
    • (use with-ary, -graphy, -gram, and -plasty)
  32. mast/o
    • breast
    • (use with -ectomy and -itis)
  33. men/o
    menses (menstration); month
  34. mening/o
    meninges (membranes around the brain and the spinal cord)
  35. myel/o
    • spinal cord (nervous tissue connected to the brain and located within the spinal column or backbone); in other terms,
    • MYEL/O means bone marrow (the soft, inner part of bones, where blood cells are made)
  36. necr/o
    death (of cells)
  37. nephr/o
    kidney (use with all suffixes except -al, and -gram; use ren/o)
  38. neur/o
    nerve
  39. oophor/o
    ovary
  40. oste/o
    bone
  41. ot/o
    ear
  42. pelv/o
    hip area
  43. peritone/o
    peritoneum (membrane surrounding the organs in the abdominal cavity)
  44. phleb/o
    vein
  45. pneumon/o
    lung
  46. pulmon/o
    lung
  47. radi/o
    x-ray
  48. ren/o
    kidney (use with -al and -gram)
  49. rhin/o
    nose
  50. salping/o
    fallopian (uterine) tube
  51. sarc/o
    flesh
  52. septic/o
    pertaining to infection
  53. thorac/o
    chest
  54. tonsill/o
    tonsil
  55. trache/o
    windpipe; trachea
  56. ur/o
    urine or urea (waste material); urinary tract
  57. vascul/o
    blood vessel
  58. -algia
    pain, condition of pain
  59. -emia
    blood condition
  60. -ia
    condition
  61. -itis
    inflammation
  62. -megaly
    enlargment
  63. -oma
    tumor, mass
  64. -osis
    condition, abdominal condition
  65. -pathy
    disease condition
  66. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  67. -rrhage
    excessive discharge of blood
  68. rrhagia
    excessive discharge of blood
  69. -sclerosis
    hardening
  70. -uria
    condition of urine
  71. -al
    pertaining to
  72. -eal
    pertaining to
  73. -ar
    pertaining to
  74. -ary
    pertaining to
  75. -ie
    pertaining to
  76. -centesis
    surgical puncture to remove fluid
  77. -ectomy
    removal, resection, excision
  78. -gram
    record
  79. -graphy
    process of recording
  80. -lysis
    separation, breaking down, destruction
  81. -plasty
    surgical repair, or surgical correction
  82. -scopy
    process of visual examination
  83. -stomy
    opening
  84. -therapy
    treatment
  85. -tomy
    incision, to cut into

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