When managing hypocalcemia why would you want to treat pain and anxiety:
to prevent hyperventilation-induced respiratory alkalosis
What are the normal levels for Phosphorus :
Phosphorus is essential for the activation of __-_______ vitamins.
Phosphorus is essential in forming and activating _______ ________ ( )
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Phosphorus is essential in assisting in ___ ______.
Phosphorus is essential for _____ homeostasis. Ca and Phosphorus exist in a _______ ________ relationship.
Hyperphosphatemia abnormal level is:
> 4.5 mg/dL
Acute or chronic renal failure
Excssive ingestion of milk or phosphate containing latatives
large intakes of vitamine D
Results in Hypocalcemia?
When treating Hyperphosphatemia you want to use binding agents such as ______ that binds with phosphorus and removes it via the _____.
Teach pt importance of taking this medication, especially ____ pt.
Hypophosphatemia abnormal level is:
Hypophosphatemia clinical manifestations are:
1. shallow respirations
2. weakness, decreases reflexes
3. in severe cases; irritability and confusion leading to seizures
4. increased bleeding
What would be good ways to manage Hypophosphatemia?
ingestion of foods high in phosphorus
may require IV administration of sodium or potassium phosphate
What are the normal ranges for magnesium?
Magnesium is essential for:
skeletal muscle contraction
B-complex vitamin activation
Recommended daily amount of magnesium is?
Hypermagnesemia abnormal range is ?
Hypermagnesemia causes increased intake or ingestion of products containing ___ when ____ _________ or _____ is present.
What are the main ways to manage hypermagnesemia?
IV CaCl or calciun gluconate
When dealing with Hypermagnesemia you want to teach the pt to avoid excessive consumption of ______ containing ___.
Hypomagnesemia abnormal range is:
prolonged fasting or starvation
Clinical manifestations associated with Hypomagnesemia are: