HIST 102

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HIST 102
2011-08-29 15:59:53
Histor Mid Term

Mid Term
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  1. Cuneiform
    Written language used by the Summerians. Latin word meaning wedge shape. It is the longest written language.
  2. Torah
    The first five books of the bible (Hebrew History).
  3. Sophocles
    A Greek author that incorporated the 3rd actor in monologues. Author of Oedipus Rex.
  4. Barracks Emperors
    A period of 49 years in Roman history with 26 different Emperors who served an average of less than 2 years.
  5. Sargon
    Akkaidian King who occupied the lands that he conquered. Ruled first known empire.
  6. Narmer (Menes)
    First Egyptian Pharoah who united Northern and Southern Egypt.
  7. David (Hebrew King)
    Succeeded in vanquishing the Phillistines and defeated Goliath. Father of Soloman.
  8. Homer
    A greek author and poet who wrote the Iliad and the odyssey.
  9. Mesopotamia
    Greek word meaning "land between two rivers (Tigris and Euphrates)." The first known civilization.
  10. Stoicism
    A philosophy practiced by the Stoics meaning one is predestined.
  11. Gaugamela
    The greatest battle of Alexander the Great. He defeated the Persians.
  12. Darius I (The Great)
    A Persian leader who was a builder but not a strong military strategist.
  13. Cleisthenes
    Credited with founding Athenian Democracy. Known as "The Father of Democracy."
  14. 2nd Triumvirate
    The official alliance between Octavian, Mark Antony Lepidus.
  15. Darius III
    Alexander the Great's chief Persian adversary. A Persian who was defeated by Alexander the Great and later found dead (not as a result of Alexander).
  16. Assembly (Athens)
    A group comprised of Athenian males 18yrs and older who could vote on laws.
  17. Punic Wars
    Three periods of warfare between Rome and Carthage for control of the Mediterranian Sea.
  18. Socrates
    An Athenian philosopher who some call "the father of philosophy". Taught Plato. Found guilty of corrupting the youth of Athens. Sentence to death by drinking poison.
  19. Zoroastrianism
    Persian religion mean good versus evil with the good always winning.
  20. Herodotus
    Greek author who is known for his books on the Greco-Persian Wars.
  21. Delian League
    An alliance formed by Athens and many of its Allies at the conclusion of the city-state wars.
  22. Oligarchy
    citizens ruled by a small group of distinguished/wealthy people known as a council.
  23. Philip of Macedon
    Macedonian King who spent three years hostage in a Greek Poleis. Fathered Alexander the Great and built a great Army that would fight the Greek Poleis and ultimately conquere Athens. Started a war with Persia.
  24. Cannae
    Roman food depo that Hannibal took over to cripple the Romans. Hebrews resided there after Egypts aftermath.
  25. Pericles
    Athenian leader who stole/used funds of the Delian League to fund elaborate building projects in Athens. Built Parthenon.
  26. Minoans
    Civilization that pre-dated classical Greece. Peaceful people located on the island of Crete. Possibly wiped out by a Sunammi
  27. Polytheism
    The relgious practice of worshipping God/Gods/Goddesses.
  28. Senate (Roman Replublic)
    300 and later 600 of Roman men headed by two consuls. Where the power lied in Rome. Handled foreign affairs and finances.
  29. Pompey
    Part of the 1st Triumvirate. Military General and Julias Caesars son in law. Despised Caesar.
  30. Octavian
    Nephew and adopted son of Julias Caesar. Succeeded Caesar. Defeated the Army of Mark Anthony. Regarded as the greatest Roman Emporer.
  31. Pax Romana
    A period between 27 B.C - 180 A.D. of unpresendented peace and political stability in Rome.
  32. Alexandria
    Established as a Capitol city in Egypt by Alexander the Great. A cultural hub.
  33. Aristotle
    Plato's student. A Greek scientist of taught Alexander the Great.
  34. Hammurabi's Code
    Ancient legal code that included the lex talionis a concept of retribution.
  35. Salamis
    1st large scale sea battle ever recorded in history. A turning point of the Greco-Persian War.
  36. Aristophanes
    A greek author who wrote comedy and targeted Socrates.
  37. Classical Tradition
    Ancient Greek culture. The frame work of who we are as a society. What shaped Europe and the U.S.
  38. Greek Dark Ages
    A period of time when the Dorians took over the Mycennaeans and temporarily vanquished writing.
  39. Aristarchus of Samon
    A Greek Astonomer and Mathmatician. Placed the sun at the center of the solar system.
  40. Founding of Rome
    753 B.C.
  41. Beginning of Roman Republic
    509 B.C.
  42. Collapse of Western Portion of Rome
    476 A.D.
  43. Who handed over Western Rome and to who?
    Romulus passed western Rome to Germanic Tribel leader named Odovacer.