AH 212 Definitions

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AH 212 Definitions
2010-03-12 08:12:15
art history

high and late renis.
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  1. Alfonso d'Este
    • duke of Ferrara; commissioned Titian, Bellini, Raphael, and Fra Bartolommeo to create paintings for his Camerino d'Alabastro (small room of alabaster)
    • Visual Art: Meeting of Bacchus and Ariadne by Titian
  2. buon fresco
    • "true" fresco, requires several layers of plaster; one of the most permanent painting techniques
    • visual art: the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo
  3. disegno
    • Italian renaissance idea that design was an integral component of good art; representation of conception and intention
    • Visual Art: Madonna and Child with Saint Anne and Infant Saint John by Leonard da Vinci (cartoon)
  4. Galatea
    painting based on the Stanzas for the Joust of Giuliano de'Medici by the poet Angelo Poiziano
  5. Martin Luther
    • sparked the Protestant Reformation; translated the Bible into German first translation in a vernacular language, accessable to the people
    • believed that The Bible was law not the Catholic Church.
    • Visual Art: Four Apostles by Albrecht Durer
    • the order of the saints change position: St. John and Peter on the left and Mark and Paul on the right
  6. sfumato
    • A smokelike haziness that subtly softens outlines in painting; particularly applied to the painting of Leonardo and Correggio.
    • Visual Art: Mona Lisa by Leonard
  7. Baldassare Castiglione
    • wrote the Book of the Courtier
    • Visual Art: Baldassare Castiglione by Raphael
  8. cartoon
    full size drawing made to use as a transfer, large pieces were composed of smaller pieces of paper taped together; stencil

    Visual art: Madonna and Child with Saint Anne and the Infant Saint John by Leonard da Vinci
  9. di sotto in sù
    seeing something from below; images are forshortened to trick the eye in believing that the images are three dimensional

    • visual art: the ceiling of the Camera Picta- Andrea Mantegna
    • angels appear to be looking down through a hole in the ceiling
  10. Garden of Earthly Delights
    • triptych, painting with central themes of marriage, sex, and procreation
    • fantasy world: pig dressed as a nun, figures morhping together, people coming out of fruits and eggs
    • left panel- Adam and Eve
    • Right panel- Hell
    • Fruits and birds- signs of fertility suggesting procreation
    • Artist: Bosch
  11. Pope Julius II
    • known as the warrior pope
    • art patron who understood the propagandist value of visual imagery
    • commissioned the painting of the Sistine Chapel
    • Visual Art: the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel by Michelangelo
  12. School of Athens
    a fresco on one of the walls in the in the Stanza della Segnatura; commissioned by Pope Julius II
  13. Bramante
    • an architect selected by Julius II to design the replacement of Old Saint Peter's, didn't actually finish it
    • revived classical style in architecture
    • Visual Art: Tempietto at San Pietro
  14. colorito
    • the application of paint. Characteristic of the
    • work of 16th-century Venetian artists who emphasized the application of
    • paint as an important element of the creative process. Central Italian
    • artists, in contrast, largely emphasized disegno the careful design preparation based on preliminary drawing.
    • Visual Art: Assumption of the Virgin by Titian
  15. foreshorten
    • the use of perspective to represent the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perppendicular plane of sight
    • Visual Art: Forshorten Christ by Andrea Mantegna
  16. Isabella d'Este
    • a major art patron, collected more than just paintings: glassware, ceramics, cameos
    • very paricular, controlling and demanding of paintings she commissioned
    • Visual Art: Isabella d'Este by Titian
  17. Stanza della Segnatura
    • the papal library where Julius II signed official documents, Raphael painted murals on the walls, Theology, Law, Poetry and Philosophy
    • Visual Art: School of Athens by Raphael (painted on one of the walls)
  18. Book of the Courtier
    • written by Baldassare Castiglione; the perfect attributes of a Renaissance courtier
    • Visual Art: Baladassare Castiglione by Raphael
  19. Counter-Reformation
    • reaction from the catholic church to the developement Protestantism
    • Visual Art: Last Judgement by Michelangelo
  20. Francis I
    King of France, declared Protestantism illegal in France
  21. mannerism
    • traditional themes may be presented in unconventional or unexpected ways
    • restless, with figures shown distorted, exaggerated, and with affected but often sinuously graceful postures
    • places an emphasis on staged and contrived imagery, on elegance and
    • beauty, on imbalanced compositions, and on unusual visual and
    • conceptual complexities
    • Visual Art: Madonna with the Long Neck by Parmigianino
  22. Reformation
    • led by Martin Luther, significant reform and clarification of spiritiual issues such as salvation.
    • Visual Image: Four Apostles by Albrech Durer
  23. terribilità
    • the sublime shadowed by the awesome and the fearful
    • sublime mixed with fear and awe
    • Visual Art: The Last Judgement by Michaelangelo
  24. putti
    • cupids; figures that resemble human babies or toddlers, usually male and have wings
    • Visual Art: the ceiling of the Camera Picta by Andrea Mantegna