CLASS 1 VOCAB

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melaniemeaker
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CLASS 1 VOCAB
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2011-08-28 17:59:53
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Class 1 Vocab
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  1. the collection of data about an individual's health
    assessment
  2. the western european/north american tradition that views health as the absence of disease
    biomedical model
  3. a complete health history and full pxy exam
    complete database
  4. simultaneously problem-solving while self employing one's own thinking ability
    critical thinking
  5. a method of collecting and analyzing clinical info w/ the following components:
    1- attending to initially available cues
    2- formulating diagnostic hypotheses
    3- gathering data relative to the tentative hypotheses
    4- evaluating each hypothesis with the new data collected
    5- arriving at a final diagnosis
    diagnostic reasoning
  6. rapid collection of the database, often compiled concurrently with lifesaving measures
    emergency database
  7. the total of all conditions and elements that make up the surroundings and influence the development of a person
    environment
  8. a systematic approach emphasizing the best reseach evidence, the clinitian's experience, patient preferences and values, pxy exam, and assessment
    evidence-based practice
  9. one used for a limited or short-term problem; concerns mainly one problem, one cue complex, or one body system
    focused database
  10. used in all settings to monitor progress on short-term or chronic health problems
    follow-up database
  11. the view that the mind, body, and spirit are interdepenedent and function as a whole within the environment
    holistic health
  12. used to evaluate the cause and etiology of disease; focus is on the function or malfunction of a specific organ system
    medical diagnosis
  13. used to evaluate the response of the whole person to actual or potential health problems
    nursing diagnosis
  14. a method of collecting and analyzing clinical info with the following components:
    1- assessment
    2- diagnosis
    3- outcome identification
    4- planning
    5- implementation
    6- evaluation
    nursing process
  15. what the health professional obeserves by inspecting, palpating, percussion, and auscultating during the pxy exam
    objective data
  16. an action directed toward promoting health and preventing the occurrence of disease
    prevention
  17. what the person says about himself or herself during history taking
    subjective data
  18. a dynamic process and view of health; a move toward optimal functioning
    wellness
  19. situation towards the front of the body
    anterior
  20. situated at or toward the hind of the body
    posterior
  21. situated next to or near the point of attachment or origin or a central point
    proximal
  22. situated away from the point of attachment or origin or a central point
    distal
  23. lying or extending toward the median axis of the body
    medial
  24. lying at or extending toward the right or left side; lying away from the median axis of the body
    lateral
  25. situated toward the head and further away from the feet than another and especially another similar part of an upright body especially of a human being
    superior
  26. situated below and closer to the feet than another and especially another similar part of an upright body especially of a human being
    inferior
  27. meeting between the examiner and patient with the goal of gathering a complete health history
    interview
  28. using medical vocab with patient in an exclusionary and paternalistic way
    jargon
  29. the use of impersonal speech to put space between the self and a threat
    distancing
  30. viewing the world from the other person's inner frame of reference while remaining yourself; recognizing and accepting the other person's feelings without criticism
    empathy
  31. pondering a deeper meaning beyond the concrete and literal
    abstract reasoning
  32. concentration, ability to focus on one specific thing
    attention
  33. being aware of one's own existence, feelings, and thoughts and being aware of the environment
    consciousness
  34. an acute confusional change or loss of consciousness and perceptual disturbance, may accompany acute illness, and usual resolves when the underlying cause is treated
    delirium
  35. a gradual progressive process, causing decreased cognitive function even though the person is fully conscious and awake, and is not reversible
    dementia
  36. using the voice to communicate one's thoughts and feelings
    language
  37. ability to lay down and store experiences and perceptions for later recall
    memory
  38. prolonged display of a person's feelings
    mood
  39. awareness of the objective world in relation to the self
    orientation
  40. awareness of objects through any of the five senses
    perceptions
  41. what the person thinks- specific ideas, beliefs, the use of words
    thought content
  42. the way a person thinks, the logical train of thought
    thought process
  43. (or intensity) how loud or soft a sound is
    amplitude
  44. the length of time a note lingers
    duration
  45. an infection aquired during hospitalization
    nosocomial infection
  46. an instrument that illuminates the interal eye structures, enabling the examiner to look through the pupil at the fundus (background) of the eye
    ophthalmoscope
  47. an instrument that illuminates the ear canal, enabling the examiner to look at the ear canal and tympanic membrane
    otoscope
  48. (or frequency) the number of vibrations (or cycles) per second of a note
    pitch
  49. (or timbre) a subjective difference in a sound due to the sound's distinctive overtones
    quality
  50. a brief period of time when Korotkoff sounds disappear during auscultation of blood pressure; common with hypertension
    auscultatory gap
  51. heart rate <50 beats per min in the adult
    bradycardia
  52. instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure
    sphygmomanometer
  53. amount of blood pumped out of the heart eith each heart beat
    stroke volume
  54. heart rate of >90 beats per min in the adult
    tachycardia
  55. (baldness) hair loss
    alopecia
  56. dusky blue color to skin or mucous membranes due to increased amount of unoxygenated hemoglobin
    cyanosis
  57. the escape of blood into the tissues from ruptured blood vessels marked by a livid black-and-blue or purple spot or area
    ecchymosis
  58. intense redness of the skin due to excess blood in dilated superficial capillaries, as in fever or inflammation
    erythema
  59. self-inflicted abrasion on skin due to scratching
    excoriation
  60. linear crack in skin extending into dermis
    fissure
  61. yellow color to skin, palate, and sclera due to excess bilirubin in the blood
    juandice
  62. hypertrophic scar, elevated beyond site of orginial injury
    keloid
  63. an abnormal change in structure of an organ or part due to injury or disease ; especially : one that is circumscribed and well defined
    lesion
  64. (mole) circumscribed skin lesion due to excess melanocytes
    nevus
  65. excessively pale, whitish pink color to lightly pigmented skin
    pallor
  66. a minute reddish or purplish spot containing blood that appears in skin or mucous membrane as a result of localized hemorrhage
    petechia
  67. itching
    pruritus
  68. red-purple skin lesion due to blood in tissues from breaks in blood vessels
    purpura
  69. skin lesion due to permanently enlarged and dilated blood vessels that are visible
    telangiectasis
  70. sloughing of nectrotic inflammatory tissue that causes a deep depression in skin, extending into the dermis
    ulcer
  71. profuse sweating
    diaphoresis
  72. (liver spots) small, flat, brown macules. circumscribed areas are clusters of melanocytes that appear after extensive sun exposure.
    senile lentigines
  73. elevated cavity containing thick, turbid fluid
    pustule
  74. elevated cavity containing free fluid up to 1cm diameter
    vesicle

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