Kazen Master Grammar 3.7

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Author:
jasmace
ID:
98862
Filename:
Kazen Master Grammar 3.7
Updated:
2011-08-29 14:50:15
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Kazen Master Grammar
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Description:
Kazen Master Grammar
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  1. Used to nominalize adjectives, changes adjectives into nouns, -ness
    • い-adjective () + さ
    • な-adjective () + さ
    • いい = よさ

    • このえんぴつの長さはどのぐらいですか?
    • How long is this pencil?
  2. Typical of, just like, -ish
    Noun + らしい

    • 彼のかんがえたは日本人らしい
    • His way of thinking is typical Japanese.
  3. Used to nominalize the previous clause
    • Plain form + の / こと
    • Verbs of perception (見える, 見る, 聞える, etc) use の, other verbs can use either.

    • 僕の仕事には日本語が聞きも書きもあるけど、よく話せるのはまだ出来ないです。
    • In my work, I write and hear Japanese but I still can't speak it well.

    • 歌うことが好きですか。
    • Do you like singing?
  4. Used to change a sentence into a noun clause /
    Plain form + と言うこと

    • 来年その図書館をしまっているということを聞いた。
    • I heard that that library will be closing next year.
  5. Casual form of ては / では
    • ては=ちゃ
    • では=じゃ

    • あの、図書館に行ってなくちゃ
    • Um, I gotta go to the library.

    • その魚は美味しいじゃない
    • That fish was not delicious.
  6. 3 Informal Questions
    • Plain form + の
    • (noun & な-adjectives = なの)

    • パーティーに来れないの
    • So you won't make it to the party?

    • Plain form + んだい
    • (noun & な-adjectives = なんだい)

    • なぜ君は僕に冷たいんだい
    • Why are you short with me ?

    • Plain form + (の)かい
    • (noun & な-adjectives = なのかい)

    • 本当に出来るのかい
    • Can you handle it?

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