Card Set Information
Aircraft general: What are the unpressurized aircraft compartments?
The nose cone
Nose gear bay
Air conditioning compartment
Main gear bay
Aircraft general: How long is the A320?
Aircraft general: How high is the A320?
Aircraft general: How wide is the A320 from wingtip to wingtip?
Aircraft general: How is the steerable nosewheel controlled?
By two algebraically interconnected handwheels. The system is also fly-by-wire (no mechanical linkages)
Aircraft general: Up to how many degrees can the nosewheel be steered in either direction?
Aircraft general: What is the minimum pavement width for a 180 turn?
Aircraft general: How far is the main gear from the nose gear?
Landing gear: How is the landing gear system controlled and operated?
Electrically controlled and hydraulically operated
Landing gear: How is the landing gear extended if hydraulic or electrical power is lost?
Landing gear: What kind of brakes does the A320 have?
Multi disc carbon brakes
Landing gear: Which hydraulic system does the braking system use?
Green hydraulic pressure for normal operations and yellow hydraulic pressure through an alternate braking system.
Landing gear: Through which systems are the autobrakes and anti-skid system operated?
The brake system.
Landing gear: What is the purpose of the autobrake?
To prevent movement of the aircraft when the aircraft is parked.
Landing gear: Through which hydraulic system does the autobrake work?
Through the yellow system.
Landing gear: Which hydraulic system does the nose wheel steering use?
The green system.
Landing gear: What does the brakes and accumulator indicator indicates?
Pressure in the yellow hydraulic system accumulators and when yellow pressure is delivered to the brake system.
Landing gear: When is the ECAM wheel page automatically displayed?
- After engine start
- After landing gear extended
- With related warnings and cautions
Landing gear: What does LGCIU mean?
Landing Gear Control and Interface Unit
Landing gear: What is the function of the LGCIU's?
Control the sequencing of all landing gear and gear doors.
Landing gear: When is a switch over of LGCIU 1 to 2 or vice versa?
Automatically after one complete cycle of the landing gear and in case of failure of the active LGCIU.
Landing gear: To which systems does the LGCIU supply information to?
The landing gear indicators, ECAM and other aircraft systems.
Landing gear: What gives position data to the 2 LGCIU's?
Landing gear: Where are proximity sensors installed?
landing gear, gear doors and shock absorbers.
Landing gear: Why do the proximity sensors send information through the LGCIU's to other aircraft systems?
To indicate wether the aircraft is in ground or flight mode.
Landing gear: How many proximity sensors are installed?
Each LGCIU has is own set of proximity controllers.
Landing gear: When does the hydraulic safety valve in the green hydraulic system closes?
When the aircraft speed is above 260 knots and remains closed when the speed is below 260 kts and gear lever up.
Landing gear: What happens when you move the landing gear lever down?
The hydraulic safety valve is opened and an electrical signal is sent to the LGCIU which in turn controls the sequencing of the landing gears and doors.
Landing gear: Which two positions does the landing gear lever have?
Up and down
Landing gear: A safety device prevents movement of the landing gear lever when?
When the aircraft is on the ground or when the nosewheel is not centered
Landing gear: What are the three doors on the main landing gear?
A hydraulically operated main door, a fixed fairing door attached to the main landing gear leg and a mechanically linked hinged fairing door.
Landing gear: How are the main gear doors held closed?
With an uplock/ roller assembly
Landing gear: What is the sequency of the landing gear doors when the landing gear lever is moved to the UP position?
1. The hydraulic operated main doors open
2. The landing gear retracts and locks
3. All doors close
Landing gear: What are the 5 doors on the nose landing gear?
two hydraullically operated main doors, two smaller aft doors (connected by a mechanical linkage to the sides of the nose gear leg), 1 small fairing door (fixed to the aft side of the nose gear leg)
Landing gear: When and how is the nose gear centered?
when the nose gear lifts off by centering cams and the nose wheel steering hydraulic pressure is cutt off.
Landing gear: What stops the nose wheel from spinning in the nose wheel bay?
Anti spin bands
Landing gear: What stops the main wheels from spinning as the main gear retracts?
Landing gear: What happens to the nose wheel steering when the nose gear doors are open?
It is not available
Landing gear: Where is the Gravity Gear Extension Crank located?
On the aft pedestal
Landing gear: What happens when the gravity gear extension crank is pulled out and turned?
The green hydraulic supply is shut off, the door uplocks then the gear uplocks are released by a series of cables, rods and levers to extend the gear by gravity.
Landing gear: How many revolutions are requiered from the gravity gear extension crank to lower the gear?
Landing gear: What does no lights indicate on the landing gear indication panel?
Gear is up and locked
Landing gear: What does red UNLK lights indicate on the landing gear indication panel?
gear is in transit or not locked in selected position
Landing gear: What does green triangle lights indicate on the landing gear indication panel?
Gear is down and locked.
Landing gear: On the ECAM Wheel page, green triangles are shown for each.....?
Landing gear: What is the indication on the ECAM wheel page for down and locked landing gears?
Landing gear: What is the indication on the ECAM Wheel page for up and locked landing gears?
The traingles are not displayed
Landing gear: What is the indication on the ECAM wheel page for a landing gear in transit?
Landing gear: What do amber XX's mean on the ECAM wheel page?
An LGCIU failure
Landing gear: On the ECAM wheel page, what do the green and amber door position indicators mean?
: Locked and up
: in transit and/ or open
Landing gear: What is the message on the ECAM Wheel page whenever the landing gear selector lever and the position of the landing gear do not agree?
Landing Gear Control (L/G CTL) in amber.
Landing gear: What is the course of action whenever during gear retraction and extension the L/G CTL (Landing gear control) message in amber appears?
None, this is normal during extension and retraction untill the gear is in locked position.
Landing gear: What does an amber UPLOCK message on the ECAM Wheel page mean?
The landing gear is up and locked and un uplock device is engaged in the closed position.
Landing gear: What is the maximum speed for gear retraction?
Landing gear: What is the maximum speed for gear extension?
Landing gear: What is the maximum altitude for gear extension?
Landing gear: What is the maximum speed (knots and mach No.) with extended gear?
280 Knots/ M0.67
Landing gear: What does BSCU mean?
Brake and Steering Control Unit
Landing gear: What does the BSCU do?
It controls all functions of the normal braking system including: normal and alternate braking, anti-skid regulation, auto braking, brake temperature indication, and monitors the system for failures.
Landing gear: How is manual braking controlled?
with the pilot's rudder pedals
Landing gear: How is automatic braking controlled?
By the auto brake system
Landing gear: Which hydraulic system is used to in the normal braking system?
The green system
Landing gear: Which two modes are available in the normal braking systems?
manual and automatic
Landing gear: What happens to the spoilers and autobrakes when the airspeed is greater than 72 knots and the thrust levers are selected to idle?
The ground spoilers will automatically deploy and cause autobraking to apply maximum braking
Landing gear: Which two autobrake settings are used for landing?
LO en MED
Landing gear: What does the blue ON light mean on the autobrake panel?
System is armed
Landing gear: How many seconds after spoiler deployment begins the deceleration and what is the deceleration with autobrakes LO set?
4 seconds after spoiler deployment, deceleration rate 5.6ft/sec2
Landing gear: How many seconds after spoiler deployment begins the deceleration and what is the deceleration with autobrakes MED set?
2 seconds after spoiler deployment, deceleration rate 9.8ft/sec2
Landing gear: How many seconds after spoiler deployment begins the deceleration and what is the deceleration with autobrakes MAX set?
Maximum brake pressure and immediately after spoiler deployment
Landing gear: What does the green DECEL light mean on the autobrake panel?
It illuminates when the actual aircraft deceleration rate is 80% of the programmed rate.
Landing gear: On the ECAM wheel page, what does a green auto brake message mean?
The autobrake is armed and the selected program is shown (LO, MED, MAX)
Landing gear: On the ECAM Wheel page, what does a flashing green auto brake message mean and for how long does it flash?
Auto brakes are disarmed and flashes for 10 seconds.
Landing gear: On the ECAM wheel page, what does an amber auto brake message mean?
A system failure
Landing gear: How is the anti skid system controlled?
By the BSCU
Landing gear: How is the pressure reduced to a wheel brake in the anti skid system?
By closing the anti-skid valve
Landing gear: When is brake pressure reduced in the anti skid system?
When the wheel speed drops below point eight seven (.87) times the aircrafts speed.
Landing gear: When does Anti-skid appear in amber on the ECAM wheel page?
With a BSCU failure, Anti-skid failure and Anti-skid and nose wheel steering (A/SKID & N/W STRG) switch off.
Landing gear: When do the green release indicators appear on the ECAM wheel page next to the tire numbers?
When the landing gear is lowered to indicate that the anti-skid function is ready.
Landing gear: The green release indicators appear when the landing gear is lowered, when do the dissapear and / or appear again?
They dissapear immediately at touchdown and appear whenever the anti skid dystem is active and brake pressure is released to that wheel.
Landing gear: By which hydraulic systems is the parkign brake supplied.
by the yellow system pressure or yellow accumulators.
Landing gear: How long can the accumulators hold the parking brake?
for a minimum of 12 hours.
Landing gear: How can you recharge the accumulators of the autobrake on the ground?
Turn on the yellow electrical hydraulic pump.
Landing gear: What does BTMU mean?
Brake temperature monitor unit
Landing gear: Where are brake temperatures shown on the ECAM?
on the ECAM wheel page, above the tire number.
Landing gear: What happens if the brake temperature exceeds 100 degrees celcius?
A green arc appears above the hottest wheel.
Landing gear: What happens if the brake temperature exceeds 300 degrees celcius?
The arc above the hottest wheel becomes amber accompanied with an associated ECAM message in amber.
Landing gear: What is the function of the wear pin indicators?
They give an indication of brake wear.
Landing gear: Why are fusible plugs installed?
To deflate the tire if an overheat situation occurs, to protect the wheel and tire against burst.
Landing gear: What is the maximum brake temperature for take off?
300 degrees celcius.
Landing gear: What is the N1 limit with CFM engines with the parking brake set?
Landing gear: What is the EPR limit with I.A.E. engines with the parking brake set?
Landing gear: What happens to the braking system with a loss of green hydraulic pressure o0r a fault in the braking system?
Control automatically changes tot he alternate braking system through the movement of a shuttle valve.
Landing gear: Which messages appears on the ECAM wheel page whenever the braking system has switched to an alternate mode?
ALTN BRK (Alternate brake)
Landing gear: Through which unit is the nose wheel steering controlled?
by the BSCU
Landing gear: What are the inputs into the BSCU for nose wheel steering?
Steering handwheels, rudder pedals, and autopilot
Landing gear: What is the maximum steering angle for the nose wheel steering with handwheel steering?
Up to 75 degrees
Landing gear: What is the maximum steering angle for the nose wheel steering with the rudder pedals?
Up to 6 degrees
Landing gear: From which speed is nosewheel steering not available from the rudder pedals?
Landing gear: From which speed is nosehweel steering not available from the handwheels?
Landing gear: How can the nosewheel steering be selected or deselected?
With the A/SKID & N/W STRG sw
Landing gear: What is the function of the Pedals Disconnect button on the steering handwheel?
When pressed, it disconnects the rudder pedal inputs into the BSCU when it is desired to accomplish a rudder check on the ground.
Landing gear: What is the function of the towing selector lever on the nose landing gear?
It allows the ground crew to deactivate the steering system for towing and pushback operations.
Landing gear: How much degrees can the nose wheel be turned with the towing selector lever selected for pushback or towing?
through 95 degrees left or right.
Landing gear: What messages is given on the ECAM when the towing selector lever is selected for towing or pushback operations?
NW STRG DISC (Nose Wheel Steering Disconnected)
Landing gear: When does the NW STRG DISC message becomes amber during pushback operations?
When one engine is running
Landing gear: Which message appear on the ECAM Wheel page when a fault is detected is the nosewheel steering system?
Landing gear: During the preliminary cockpit checks, what must be checked for the landing gear?
Check Landing Gear Indicator Panel
: check 3 green triangles illuminated
Check Landing Gear selector
: Check "DOWN"
Landing gear: What must be applied before checking the brake wear indicator pins during the exterior check?
The parking brake
Landing gear: During the preliminary Cockpit preperation, what must be checked on the braking system?
That the pressures on the brakes and Accumulator Pressure indicator are in the normal range, approximately 2200 PSI.
Landing gear: Which precautions must be taken before operating the electrical hydraulic pumps on the ground?
Notify ground personnel
Landing gear: What must be checked during the cockpit preperation on the auto brake panel?
All lights are out.
Landing gear: What must be checked during the cockpit preperation on the Anti skid & Nose wheel steering panel?
Make sure the swith is ON
Landing gear: What is the taxi speed limit for straight ahead taxi?
Landing gear: What is the taxi limit speed for slippery conditions and in turns?
Landing gear: Which brake temperature may indicate brake failure?
Temperature below 60 degrees.
Landing gear: Which indications on the brakes may indicate a brake is binding?
Brake temperature difference on the same gear of 150 degrees and one of those brakes is over 600 degrees.
Landing gear: What actions must be taken when there is an indication of brake binding?
Stop the aircraft immediately and call for maintenance actions
Landing gear: When is it not recommended to set the parking brake?
When at least one brake is more than 300 degrees.
Equipment: What is displayed on the six interchangeable Display Units (DU's)?
Flight parameter and navigation data, engine and system parameter's and warning and caution messages.
Equipment: What is fitted to the center pedestal?
The multi purpose control and display units, the thrust levers and manual trim wheels, speed brake and flap levers and radio communication panels.
Equipment: Regarding the pushbuttons, what does a green coloured pushbutton indicate?
A normal indication and can be permanently on
Equipment: Regarding the pushbuttons, what does a blue coloured pushbutton indicate?
Normal operation but can be temporarily on
Equipment: Regarding the pushbuttons, what does a white coloured pushbutton indicate?
An abnormal swith position, test result or maintenance information
Equipment: Regarding the pushbuttons, what does an amber coloured pushbutton indicate?
Failure (caution) it does not call for immediate action
Equipment: Regarding the pushbuttons, what does a red coloured pushbutton indicate?
Failure (warning) and requieres immediate action
Equipment: Which cockpit windows are heated?
Equipment: What is the maximum speed limitation with the window open?
Equipment: Where in the flightdeck is the emergency equipment, manual stowage and the third occupant seat located?
In the right rear corner, behind the FO's seat.
Equipment: Where in the flightdeck is the coat and hat stowage area, emergency equipment, spare light bulbs and fuse stowage compartment, aircraft manual and fourth occupant seat located?
In the left rear corner, behind the captain's seat.
Equipment: Where are the Captain's and First Officer's life jackets located?
In a compartment on their respective seat backs.
Equipment: Where are the lifevests for the third and fourth occupants located?
In a compartment below their seats.
Equipment: Where is a portable flash light located?
At each pilot's station in a holder near the floor
Doors: How many and what type passenger doors does the A320 have?
four of the plug type.
Doors: How do the passenger doors open on the A320?
outward and forward, parallel to the aircraft.
Doors: How many passenger doors are fitted with an emergency slide?
Doors: How can you see if a passenger door is LOCKED or UNLOCKED?
By a mechanical indicator at the top of the door showing in green LOCKED or in red UNLOCKED
Doors: Where is the emergency slide stowed?
in a container attached to the inside bottom of each door.
Doors: How can the emergency slides be armed?
By moving down the arming lever to the armed position.
Doors: How long does it take for a slide to inflate?
Approx. 3.5 seconds
Doors: From where can the overwing emergency exits be opened?
Inside and outside the aircraft
Doors: How much does an overwing exit door weigh?
approximately 15 kilograms
Doors: What type of overwing emergency exit doors does the A320 have?
The plug type
Doors: How are the overwing emergency exit slides armed?
They are always armed.
Doors: Where are the cargo doors installed?
On the right hand side of the aircraft.
Doors: Which hydraulic systems do the cargo doors use?
The yellow system.
Doors: Where are door indications displayed?
On the ECAM DOOR page
Doors: What is the symbol for a closed and locked door on the ECAM DOOR page?
A rectangular symbol in green.
Doors: What is the symbol for an unlocked door on the ECAM DOOR page?
An amber door indicator with a corresponding amber label.
Doors: What is the symbol for an armed slide on the ECAM DOOR page?
Slide legend in white
Doors: What happens when ate least one engine is running and a door is opened?
An ECAM caution appears in amber
Lights: The annunciator light switch has three positions, which?
Test, Bright and Dim
Lights: With the annunciator light switch in the test position, what happens?
It illuminates all flight deck annunciator lights and displays 8's in the liquid crystal display units.
Lights: With the annunciator light switch in the dim position, what happens?
The annunciator lights are powered with reduced voltage for a lower light level.
Lights: With the annunciator light switch in the bright position, what happens?
The annunciator lights function normally.
Lights: The dome light switch has three positions, which?
Off, Birght and Dim
Lights: With the dome light switch in the dim position, what happens?
Both dome lights are on dim
Lights: With the dome light switch in the bright position, what happens?
Both dome lights are on bright
Lights: With the dome light switch in the off position, what happens?
Both dome lights are off.
Lights: What happens with the dome lights in the emergency electrical configuration?
The right dome light will illuminate when the switch is in the bright or dim position.
Lights: What are the wing lights focused on?
On the wing leading edge and engine intakes and can help determin if ice is being build up.
Lights: Where are the wing lights located?
On either side of the fuselage.
Lights: How many sets of navigation lights are installed?
Lights: Where are the vertical stabilizer logo lights located?
On top of the horizontal stabilizer
Lights: When are the logo lights illuminated?
With the NAV & LOGO light switch in position 1 or 2, when the aircraft is on the ground or in flight with the slates extended.
Lights: How many lights are installed on the nose gear strut?
Autoflight: What does FMGS stand for?
Flight Management and Guidance SYstem
Autoflight: What does the FMGS provide?
Navigational guidance, flight planning (lateral and vertical), Performance optimization, Flight predictions, Display unit information
Autoflight: What does the FMGS control?
Autopilots, flight directors and autothrust
Autoflight: What does MCDU stand for?
Multi Control and Display Unit
Autoflight: What does FCU stand for?
Flight Control Unit
Autoflight: What does FAC stand for?
Flight Augmentation Computer
Autoflight: What is the Flight Management Guidance System comprised of?
2 FMGC's, 2 MCDU's, 1 FCU, 2 FAC's
Autoflight: What are the MCDU's used for?
Flight plan construction, monitoring, revision, ACARS, maintenance test and reporting functions.
Autoflight: What controls has the FCU?
shoty-term pilot selected guidance and autopilot and autothrust functions.
Autoflight: What the autothrust is active, how is engine thrust set?
By the FMGS through the FADEC system
Autoflight: Which two types of guidance are possible with the Auto FLight System?
Managed and Selected.
Autoflight: How is the aircraft guided in managed mode?
By the FMGS along a preplanned route with lateral, vertical and speed profile computations.
Autoflight: What is selected guidance
Short term guidance selected by the pilot through the FCU
Autoflight: What has priority; Managed or selected guidance?
Selected guidance has always priority over managed guidance
Autoflight: What are the two main sections of the FMGC's?
The flight management section and flight guidance section
Autoflight: What does FMGC stand for?
Flight Management and Guidance Computer
Autoflight: In the FMGC; what does the flight management section control?
Navigation (position computation and navaid tuning), Flight planning (lateral and vertical), Performance optimization, Display Manegement (PFD's, ND's, MCDU's)
Autoflight: In the FMGC; what does the flight guidance section control?
Autopilots, flight directors, autothrust
Autoflight: When is the FMGC company database updated?
Every 28 days
Autoflight: What information does the company database contain in the FMGC?
Navigation data for company routes, waypoints, airways, holding patterns, airports, runways, Airport procedures, navaids, fuel policy and alternates.
Autoflight: How can you confirm the current database in use on the FMGC?
A/C STATUS page, Line select key 4Left
Autoflight: The temporary database on the FMGC is pilot modifiable, how much can be stored?
Up to 20 waypoints, 10 runways, 20 navaids, 3 routes.
Autoflight: Which three modes does the FMGC have?
Dual, independant and single.
Autoflight: When does the FMGS in the degraded independant mode?
When there is a major mismatch in database or program compatibillity between the two FMGC's.
Autoflight: How do you know and FMGS works in independant mode?
An amber message INDEPENDANT OPERATION comes up in the scratchpad on both MCDU's.
Autoflight: What are the four subsystems which are available when you press the MCDU MENU key on the MCDU.
FMGC, DATA LINK, AIDS, CFDS
Autoflight: What are the AIDS (Aircraft Integrated Data System) and CFDS (Centralized Fualt Display System) normally used for?
Autoflight: What is the MCDU screen capable of of displaying?
Up to 14 lines with each 24 characters.
Autoflight: In the MCDU display, How is the title line displayed?
Large, usuaylly whit fonts
Autoflight: In the MCDU display, How is a label line displayed?
Small white font
Autoflight: In the MCDU display, How is pilot entered and modifiable data in data fields displayed?
Large blue font
Autoflight: In the MCDU display, How is FMGS computed or non-modifiable data displayed?
Autoflight: In the MCDU display, How is data in the scratchpad displayed?
In Large white font
Autoflight: In the MCDU display, what do amber boxes indicate?
data insertion is mandatory
Autoflight: In the MCDU display, what do blue brackets indicate?
data insertion is possible but not mandatory
Autoflight: What is the clear key (CLR) used for on the MCDU?
To erase FMGC messages, to erase pilot entered data from the scratchpad and to clear data in data fields.
Autoflight: How is an FMGC message erased from the scratchpad of the MCDU?
By pressing the CLR key once
Autoflight: How is pilot entered data erased from the scratchpad (one character and all)?
One; by pressing the CLR key once, all; by holding the CLR key for 3 seconds
Autoflight: How do you clear data entered in data fields of the MCDU?
By pressing the CLR key once (CLEAR is annunciated in the scratchpad) and after that the adjecent Line Select Key is pressed.