Anatomy & Physiology Lab
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toward the midline of the body
away from the midline of the body
nearer the trunk of the body or point of attachment
farther from the trunk of the body or point of attachment
toward the body surface
away from the body surface
toward the front
toward the back
What are the 3 planes of the body?
What is the sagittal plane?
slices object down middle, making left half and right half
What is the frontal plane?
- aka coronal plane
- split object into front half and back half
What is the transverse/horizontal plane?
divides body into upper half and lower half
What is in the dorsal cavity?
cranial and vertebral cavities
What is in the cranial cavity?
What is in the vertebral cavity?
What does the ventral body cavity consist of?
thoracic & abdominopelvic cavities
What is in the thoracic cavity?
heart and the lungs
What does the mediastinum consist of?
median compartment of the thoracic cavity
What does the pleural cavity consist of?
fluid filled space around the lungs
What does the pericardial cavity consist of?
fluid filled space around the heart
What does the abdominopelvic cavity consist of?
abdominal and pelvic cavities
What is in the abdominal cavity?
- digestive organs
What is in the pelvic cavity?
- urninary bladder
- internal reproductive organs
What is a serous membrane?
dbl layered fluid filled sacs around organs like heart and the lungs
Define: parietal pericardium
outermost layer of the serous membrane around the heart
Define: visceral pericardium
innermost layer of the serous membrane around the heart
Define: pericardial cavity
fluid filled space between the parietal and visceral pericardium
Define: parietal pleura
outermost layer of the serous membrane around the lungs
Define: visceral pleura
innermost layer of the serous membrane around the lungs
Define: pleural cavity
fluid filled space between the patrietal and visceral pleura
What are the 4 abdominopelvic quadrants?
- Right upper quadrant
- Left Upper quadrant
- Right lower quadrant
- Left lower quadrant
What are the 9 abdominopelvic regions?
- R hypochondriac Epigastric L hypochondriac
- R lumbar umbilical L lumbar
- R iliac hypogastric L iliac
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