Anatomical Terms

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Author:
mc166589
ID:
98951
Filename:
Anatomical Terms
Updated:
2011-08-29 22:06:52
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DrTommyFinley
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Description:
Important word roots, prefixes, suffixes, and combining form in anatomy.
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  1. a-
    without: avascular
  2. aer-
    aeros, air: aerobic metabolism
  3. -algia
    algos, pain: neuralgia
  4. arthro-
    arthros, joint: arthroscopy
  5. auto-
    auto, self: autonomic
  6. bio-
    bois, life: biology
  7. -blast
    blastos, germ: osteoblast
  8. bronch-
    bronchus, windpipe, airway: bronchial
  9. cardi-, cardio-, cardia-
    kardia, heart: cardiac, cardiapulmonary
  10. cerebr-
    cerebrum, brain: cerebral hemispheres
  11. cervic-
    cervicis, neck: cervical vertebrae
  12. chondro-
    chondros, cartilage: chondrocyte
  13. cranio-
    cranium, skull: craniosacral
  14. cyt-, cyto-
    kytos, a hollow cell: cytology, cytokine
  15. derm-
    derma, skin: dermatome
  16. -ectomy
    ektome, excision: appendectomy
  17. end-, endo-
    endon, within: endergonic, endometrium
  18. epi-
    epi, on: epimysium
  19. ex-
    ex, out of, away from: exocytosis
  20. hemo-
    haima, blood: hemopoiesis
  21. hemi-
    hemi, one-half: hemisphere
  22. histo-
    histos, tissue: histology
  23. homo-
    homos, same: homozygus
  24. hyper-
    hyper, above: hyperpolarization
  25. hypo-
    hypo, under: hypothyroid
  26. inter-
    inter, between: interventricular
  27. iso-
    isos, equal: isotonic
  28. leuk-, leuko-
    leukos, white: leukemia, leukocyte
  29. lyso-, -lysis, -lyze
    lysis, a loosening: hydrolysis
  30. meso-
    mesos, middle: mesoderm
  31. micr-
    mikros, small: microscope
  32. morph-, morpho-
    morphe, form: morphology, morphotype
  33. myo-
    mys, muscle: myofilament
  34. nephr-
    nephros, kidney: nephron
  35. neur-, neuri-, neuro-
    neuron, nerve: jmeural, neurilemma, neuromuscular
  36. -ology
    logos, the study of: physiology
  37. -osis
    -osis, state, condition: neurosis
  38. ost-, oste-, osteo-
    osteon, bone, osteal, ostealgia, osteocyte
  39. oto-
    otikos, ear: otolith
  40. path-,pathy-patho-
    pathos, disease: pathergy, idiopathy, pathogenesis
  41. peri-
    peri, around: perineurium
  42. phago-
    phago, to eat: phagocyte
  43. -phil, -philia
    philo, love: neutrophil, hemophilia
  44. -phot, -photo
    phos, light: photalgia, photoreceptor
  45. physio-
    physis, nature: physisology
  46. pre-
    prae, before: precapillary
  47. pulmo-
    pulmo, lung: pulmonary
  48. retro-
    retro, backward: retroperitoneal
  49. sarco-
    sarkos, flesh: sarcomere
  50. scler-, sclero-
    skleros, hard: sclera, sclerosis
  51. -scope
    skopeo, to view: colonoscope
  52. sub-
    sub, below: subcutaneous
  53. super-
    super, above or beyond: superficial
  54. -trophy
    trophe, nourishment: atrophy
  55. vas-
    vas, vessel: vascular

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