Psycotropic Drug

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Psycotropic Drug
2011-08-30 00:09:20

Psycotropic Drugs
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  1. Parietal Cortex
    Sensory and Motor
  2. Temporal Cortex
  3. Occipital Cortex
  4. Frontal Lobe
    Thought Process
  5. Basal Ganglia
    Regulation of Movement
  6. Amygdala and hippocampus
    Emotions, Learning, Memory, Basic Drives
  7. Pituitary Posterior Lobe
    • Vasopressin
    • Oxytocin
  8. Pituitary Anterior Lobe
    • Growth Hormone
    • TSH
    • Adrenocorticotropic
    • Prolactin
    • Gonadotropic
    • Melanocyte-stimulating
  9. Cholinergics
    • Acetylcholine
    • Sleep, arousal, pain, movement, and memory
    • Ex: Alzheimer's
  10. Monoamines
    • Norepinephrine
    • Dopamine
    • Serotonin
    • Histamine
  11. Norepinephrine
    • Fight or Flight
    • Mood, cognition/perception, cardio function, sleep, and arousal
  12. Dopamine
    Regulation of movements/coordination, emotions, voluntary decision making, and inhibits release of prolactic
  13. Serotonin
    Sleep, arousal, libido, appetite, mood, aggression, and pain.
  14. Histamine
    Within CNS is unclear
  15. Amino Acids
    • GABA
    • Glycine
    • Glutamate
  16. GABA
    Interrupts progression of the electrical impulse at synaptic junction producing slowdown of body activity
  17. Glycine
    Involved in recurrent inhibition of motor neurons within the spinal cord and is possibly involved in the regulation of spinal and brainstem reflexes.
  18. Glutamate
    Relay of sensory information and in the regulation of various motor and spina reflexes.
  19. Neuropeptides
    • Endorphins and Enkephalins
    • Substance P
    • Somatostatin
  20. Endorphins and Enkephalins
    Natural morphine-like properties
  21. Substance P
    Sensory Transmission- regulation of pain
  22. Somatostatin
    Stimulatory and inhibitory effects
  23. Depression
    Deficiency of norepinephrine, serotonin, or both
  24. Schizophrenia
    Excess transmission of dopamine
  25. Anxiety
    Deficiency of GABA