Chapter 11 - Normality, Mental Illness, Mental Health

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leebe93
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99010
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Chapter 11 - Normality, Mental Illness, Mental Health
Updated:
2011-08-30 08:04:55
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Normality Abnormality
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Terms and definitions
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  1. Normality

    pattern of thoughts, feelings or behaviour that conforms to a usual, typical or expected standard and is acceptable in most circumstances

  2. Abnormality (the 3 D’s)

    Pattern of thoughts, feelings or behaviour that is deviant, distressing and dysfunctional. They are statistically unusual and are not socially approved or accepted.
  3. Deviance

    thoughts, feelings and behaviours that are considered abnormal when they differ markedly from social or cultural norms. Thinking feeling or behaving that is unusual, extreme or bizarre.
  4. Distress

    thoughts feelings and behaviours that are considered abnormal when they are extremely upsetting to the person experiencing them and/or others around them
  5. Dysfunction

    thoughts feelings or behaviours are considered abnormal when they interfere with the person’s ability to carry out their usual daily activities in an effective way
  6. Sociocultural approach

    Thoughts, feelings and behaviour that are appropriate or acceptable in a particular society or culture are viewed as normal and those that are inappropriate or unacceptable are considered abnormal

    e.g crying at a funeral, wearing a kilt

  7. Functional approach

    Thoughts, feelings and behaviour are viewed as normal if the individual is able to cope with living independently in society, but considered abnormal if the individual is unable to function effectively in society


    e.g make friends and feed yourself

  8. Historical approach:

    Thoughts, feelings and behaviour that are viewed normal or abnormal in a particular society or culture depends on the era, or period of time, when the judgment is made


    e.g homosexuality was once classified as a mental disorder but now it is commonly accepted

  9. Situational approach:
    • Thoughts, feelings and behaviour that may be considered normal in one situation may not be considered abnormal in another. Behaviour that is typically acceptable within that context
    • e.g wearing pj’s when you sleep but not appropriate when you go to work
  10. Medical approach

    • Describes abnormality in terms of physical health and its underlying physiological causes. Abnormal behaviour is seen as caused by an illness that usually has a physiological or biological cause which can be diagnosed according to symptoms and signs of disorder.
    • e.g normal – healthy, Abnormal – sick/ill
  11. Statistical approach

    Conclusions about normality are made on the basis of the analysis of numerical data and calculations as to the way that most people behave. If a large majority of people called the ‘statistical average’ thinks, feels or behaves in a certain way, it is considered normal.

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