Tim Med term chap 5

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timadvancedtech
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99078
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Tim Med term chap 5
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2011-08-30 19:18:25
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Tim medical terminology
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skin diseases/terms
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  1. acr/o
    extremity
  2. aden/o
    gland
  3. albin/o
    white
  4. ang/i
    vessel
  5. carcin/o
    cancer
  6. caus/o
    heat
  7. cellul/o
    little cell
  8. cutane/o
    skin
  9. derm/a
    skin
  10. derm/o
    skin
  11. dermat/o
    skin
  12. erythr/o
    red
  13. follicul/o
    little bag
  14. hidr/o
    sweat
  15. icter/o
    jaundice
  16. integument/o
    a covering
  17. kel/o
    tumor
  18. kerat/o
    horn
  19. leuk/o
    white
  20. melan/o
    black
  21. myc/o
    fungus
  22. onych/o
    nail
  23. pachy/o
    thick
  24. pedicul/o
    a louse
  25. plak/o
    plate
  26. prurit/o
    itching
  27. rhytid/o
    wrinkle
  28. scler/o
    hard, hardening
  29. seb/o
    oil
  30. therm/o
    hot, heat
  31. trich/o
    hair
  32. vuls/o
    to pull
  33. xanth/o
    yellow
  34. xer/o
    dry
  35. What are the primary functions of skin?
    Protection, regulation, sensation, and secretion.
  36. lunula
    little moon; the white, crescent-shaped area of the nail.
  37. acne
    Inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands and the hair follicles; pimples.
  38. acrochordon
    small outgrowth of epidermal and dermal tissue; skin tags.
  39. chord
    cord
  40. -on
    pertaining to
  41. actinic dermatitis
    Inflammation of the skin caused by exposure to radiant energy, such as x-rays, ultraviolet light, and sunlight.
  42. actin
    ray
  43. -ic
    pertaining to
  44. dermat
    skin
  45. -itis
    inflammation
  46. albinism
    Genetic condition in which there is partial or total absence of pigment in skin, hair, and eyes.
  47. albin
    white
  48. -ism
    condition
  49. alopecia
    Absence or loss of hair, especially of the head; baldness;
  50. lopec
    fox mange
  51. -ia
    condition
  52. alopecia areata
    loss of hair in defined patches usually involving the scalp
  53. anhidrosis
    Abnormal condition in which there is a lack of or complete absence of sweating.
  54. -osis
    condition
  55. autograft
    Graft taken from one part of the patient's body and transferred to another part of that same patient
  56. -graft
    pencil, grafting, knife
  57. avulsion
    Process of forcibly tearing off a part or structure of the body, such as a finger or toe.
  58. vuls
    to pull
  59. -ion
    process
  60. basal cell carcinoma
    epithelial malignant tumor of the skin that rarely metastasizes.
  61. BCC
    basal cell carcinoma
  62. bite
    Injury in which a part of the skin is torn by an insect, animal, or human, resulting in a combination of an abrasion, puncture, or laceration.
  63. boil
    Acute, infected, painful nodule formed in the subcutaneous layers of the skin, gland, or hair follicle; most often caused by the invasion of staphylococci; furuncle.
  64. bulla
    Larger blister; a bleb.
  65. burn
    Injury to tissue caused by heat, fire, chemical agents, electricity, lightning, or radiation.
  66. callus
    hardened skin
  67. candidiasis
    Infection of the skin or mucous membranes with any species of Candida but chiefly Candida albicans.
  68. Candida
    a genus of yeasts and used to be called Manilia.
  69. carbuncle
    Infection of the subcutaneous tissue, usually composed of a cluster of boils.
  70. causalgia
    Intense burning pain associated with trophic skin changes in the hand or foot after trauma to the part.
  71. cellulitis
    An acute, diffuse inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling.
  72. cicatrix
    Scar left after the healing of a wound.
  73. comedo
    Blackhead
  74. corn
    Condition of horny induration and thickening of the skin that may be soft or hard depending on location. Caused by pressure, friction, or both from ill-fitting shoes.
  75. cryosurgery
    Technique of using subfreezing temperature to produce well-demarcated areas of cell injury and destruction
  76. cutaneous
    pertaining to the skin.
  77. cutane
    skin
  78. -ous
    pertaining to
  79. cyst
    Closed sac that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material.
  80. debridement
    Removal of foreign material or damaged or dead tissue, especially in a wound.
  81. decubitus ulcer
    An area of skin and tissue that becomes injured or broken down. Also known as a bedsore or pressure ulcer.
  82. de-
    down
  83. cubit
    to lie
  84. -us
    pertaining to
  85. dehiscence
    Surgical complication where there is a separation or bursting open of a surgical wound.
  86. dermabrasion
    Surgical procedure to remove acne scars, nevi, tattoos, or fine wrinkles on the skin by using sandpaper, wire brushes, or other abrasive materials on an anesthetized epidermis
  87. dermatitis
    inflammation of the skin.
  88. dermatologist
    Physician who specializes in the study of the skin.
  89. -ist
    one who specializes
  90. dermatology
    Study of the skin.
  91. dermatome
    Surgical instrument used to cut the skin for grafting.
  92. dermomycosis
    Skin condition caused by a fungus
  93. myc
    fungus
  94. ecchymosis
    Abnormal condition in which the blood seeps into the skin causing discolorations ranging from blue-black to greenish yellow
  95. ec-
    out
  96. chym
    juice
  97. eczema
    An acute or chronic inflammatory skin disorder characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, or scabs alone or in combination.
  98. erythema
    Redness of the skin; may be caused by capillary congestion, inflammation, heat, sunlight, or cold temperature.
  99. erythroderma
    Abnormal redness of the skin occurring over widespread areas of the body.
  100. erythro/o
    red
  101. eschar
    Slough, scab
  102. excoriation
    Abrasion of the epidermis by scratching, trauma, chemicals, or burns
  103. exudate
    Production of pus or serum.
  104. folliculitis
    Inflammation of a follicle or follicles.
  105. follicul
    little bag
  106. gangrene
    Eating sore. A necrosis, or death, of tissue, or bone that usually results from a deficient or absent blood supply to the area.
  107. herpes simplex
    An inflammatory skin disease caused by a herpes virus.
  108. hidradenitis
    Inflammation of the sweat glands.
  109. aden
    gland
  110. hives
    Eruption of itching and burning swellings on the skin.
  111. urticaria
    Hives.
  112. hyperhidrosis
    Abnormal condition of excessive sweating
  113. hypodermic
    Pertaining to under the skin or inserted under the skin.
  114. icteric
    Pertaining to jaundice
  115. impetigo
    Skin infection marked by vesicles or bullae
  116. integumentary
    Covering; the skin
  117. integument
    a covering
  118. intradermal
    Pertaining to within the skin, as an intradermal injection.
  119. ID
    intradermal
  120. jaundice
    yellow; a symptom of a disease in which there is excessive bile in the blood.
  121. keloid
    Overgrowth of scar tissue caused by excessive collagen formation
  122. kel
    tumor
  123. lentigo
    A flat, brownish spot on the skin sometimes caused by exposure to the sun and weather.

    Freckle.
  124. leukoderma
    Localized loss of pigmentation of the skin
  125. -ia
    condition
  126. lupus
    A destructive type of skin lesion;
  127. melanocarcinoma
    Cancerous tumor that has black pigmentation
  128. melan/o
    black
  129. carcin
    cancer
  130. melanoma
    Cancer that develops in the pigment cells of the skin
  131. miliaria
    prickly heat. Seen in newborns. caused by excessive body warmth.
  132. miliar
    millet (tiny)
  133. mole
    Pigmented, elevated spot above the surface of the skin.
  134. nevus
    Pigmented, elevated spot above the surface of the skin.
  135. onychitis
    Inflammation of the nail
  136. onych
    nail
  137. onychomyosis
    A fungal infection of the nails
  138. pachyderma
    Thick skin.
  139. pachy
    thick
  140. paronychia
    Infectious condition of the marginal structures around the nail
  141. pediculosis
    Condition of infestation with lice.
  142. petechiae
    Small, pinpoint, purplish hemorrhagic spots on the skin.
  143. pruritus
    Severe itching
  144. prurit
    itching
  145. psoriasis
    Chronic skin condition characterized by frequent episodes of redness, itching, and thick, dry scales on the skin.
  146. purpura
    Purplish discoloration of the skin caused by extravasation of blood into the tissues.
  147. rhytidoplasty
    Plastic surgery for the removal of wrinkles.
  148. -plasty
    surgical repair
  149. rhytid/o
    wrinkle
  150. rosacea
    A chronic disease of the skin of the face marked by varying degress of papules, pustules, erythema, telangectasia, and hyperplasia of the soft tissues of the nose
  151. roseola
    Any rose-colored rash marked by maculae (red spots on the skin.
  152. maculae
    red spots on the skin.
  153. rubella
    systemic disease caused by a virus and characterized by a rash and fever; german measles and 3 day measles.
  154. rubeola
    Contagious disease characterized by fever, inflammation of the mucous membranes, and rose-colored spots on the skin; measles
  155. scabies
    Contagious skin disease characterized by papules, vesicles, pustules, burrows, and intense itching; it is caused by an arachnid Sarcoptes scabiei, variety hominis, the itch mite, and is also called the itch.
  156. scar
    Mark left by the healing process of a wound, sore, or injury.
  157. scleroderma
    Chronic condition with hardening of the skin and other connective tissues of the body
  158. scler/o
    hard, hardening
  159. seborrhea
    Excessive flow (secretion) of oil from the sebaceous glands.
  160. sebum
    fatty or oily secretion produced by the sebaceous glands
  161. senile keratosis
    Condition occurring in older people wherein there is dry skin and localized scaling caused by excessive exposure to the sun.
  162. macule
    a discolored spot on the skin; freckle
  163. wheal
    a localized, evanescent elevation of the skin that is often accompanied by itching; urticaria
  164. papule
    a solid, circumscribed, elevated area on the skin; pimple
  165. vesicle
    a small fluid-filled sac; blister.
  166. pustule
    a small, elevated, circumscribed lesion of the skin that is filled with pus; varicella (chickenpox)
  167. ulcer
    an eating or gnawing away of tissue; decubitus ulcer
  168. squamous cell carcinoma
    malignant tumor of squamous epithelial tissue
  169. striae
    Streaks or lines on the breasts, thighs, abdomen, or buttocks caused by weakening of elastic tissue;
  170. subcutaneous
    Pertaining to below the skin
  171. Sub-Q
    subcutaneous
  172. sub-
    below
  173. subungual
    pertaining to below the nail
  174. ungu
    nail
  175. taut
    tight, firm; to pull or draw tight a surface
  176. telangiectasia
    A vascular lesion formed by dilatation of a group of small blood vessels that may appear as a birthmark.
  177. tel
    end, distant
  178. ang/i
    vessel
  179. thermanesthesia
    inability to distinguish between the sensations of heat and cold
  180. therm
    hot, heat
  181. -esthesia
    sensation
  182. tinea
    Contagious skin diseases affecting both humans and domestic animals, caused by certain fungi and marked by the localized appearance of discolored, scaly patches on the skin.

    Ringwom.
  183. trichomycosis
    Fungal condition of the hair
  184. trich/o
    hair
  185. ulcer
    Open lesion or sore of the epidermis or mucous membrane
  186. varicella
    Contagious viral disease characterized by fever, headache, and a crop of red spots that becomes macules, papules, vesicles, and crusts; chickenpox
  187. vitilligo
    skin condition characterized by milk-white patches surrounded by areas of normal pigmentation
  188. wart
    A skin lesion with a rough papillomatous surface on the epidermis
  189. wound
    Injury to soft tissue caused by trauma
  190. xanthoderma
    yellowness of the skin
  191. xanth/o
    yellow
  192. xanthoma
    yellow tumor
  193. xeroderma
    dry skin
  194. xer/o
    dry
  195. xerosis
    Abnormal dryness of skin, mucous membranes, or the conjunctiva.

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