BIOL432 Intro

Card Set Information

Author:
Geo
ID:
99087
Filename:
BIOL432 Intro
Updated:
2011-08-30 19:46:53
Tags:
BIOL432 Intro
Folders:

Description:
BIOL432 Intro
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Geo on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Define Homologous.
    Structures in different species that are derived from a common structure in a common ancestor.
  2. Define Homoplastic.
    Structures in different species that are similar in appearance but have a different evolutionary history.
  3. Define Analogous.
    Structures in different species that perform a similar function.
  4. What are two other synonyms for Plesiomorphic?
    • Ancestral
    • Primitive
  5. What are two other synonyms for Apomorphic?
    • Derived
    • Advanced
  6. Define Ancestral.
    A feature or species that arose early in a lineage.
  7. Define Derived.
    A feature or species that arose later in a lineage.
  8. Define Ontogeny.
    The developmental history of an individual from its conception to its death.
  9. What is the significance of Nerves in Ontogeny?
    Nerves will follow what ever it is they innervate throughout an individual's ontogeny.
  10. List three types of evidence for Functional Design.
    • Experimental
    • Biomechanical
    • Comparative
  11. In regards to Design Constraints, what is Evolution thought of as?
    A Tinkerer
  12. What does it mean if a structure is Generalized?
    A structure/species that performs several functions moderately well.
  13. What does it mean if a structure/species is Specialized?
    A structure/species that effectively performs a more restricted function.
  14. What does it mean to say that an organism is isometric?
    It means that the organism maintains the same shape as an organism gets older.
  15. What is an example of isometry?
    The Heart
  16. What does it mean to say that an organism is allometric?
    It means that the organism changes shape as the animal gets older.
  17. What is an example of allometry?
    Bone
  18. What is the actual ratio for Surface Area to Volume?
    6:1

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview