Human Anatomy lecture sem 1

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shelbyobrien
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99173
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Human Anatomy lecture sem 1
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2011-09-01 22:58:47
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human anatomy
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human anatomy lecture 1
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  1. Human anatomy is the study of the_______ of the human body
    structure
  2. Human anatomy provides the foundation for understandidng physilology, which is the _______ of the human body
    function
  3. _______ was a greek ohysicial who wrote one of the most influencial anatomy texbooks of all times.
    Galen
  4. Galen lived from when to when
    about 1000-200 AD
  5. True or false, eventhough there were inaccuracies with Galen's information, the info was passed down for generations
    true
  6. Andreas ____ questioned the accuracy of earlier authors, and he commissioned the 1st accurate anatomical illustrations for his 1543 book, On the Structure of the Himan Body
    Andreas Vesalius
  7. While what has been learned has often come from studying_________, technology now makes it possible to observe the body in multiple ways
    cadavers
  8. a deceased body is known as a
    cadaver
  9. Gross Anatomy
    the study of structures to the naked eye
  10. surface anatomy is limited to _______ structures
    external
  11. Radiologic Anatomy
    the study of internal structures using x-rays
  12. Microscopic Anatomy
    the study of the body under a microscope
  13. ______ is the study of tissue
    histology
  14. ______ is the study of cells
    cytology
  15. _______ are the smallest chemical units
    atoms
  16. _________ are microscopic structures in a cell that carry out individual functions
    organelles
  17. __________ are the smallest of an organism that carry out all the basic funtions of life
    cells
  18. Nothing smaller than a _______ is considered alive
    cell
  19. a _________ is a mass of similar cells and sell products that form a discrete region of an organ and preforms a specific functions
    tissue
  20. An _______ is a structure composed of two or more tissue types that work together to perform a particular function
    organ
  21. a group of organs that carry out a basic function of the organism such as cirulation, respaitation, or digestion
    organ system
  22. a single, complete individual
    organism
  23. Body is erect; feet are parallel to eachother, flat on the floor; eyes directed forward; arms at the side of the bady with palm turned forward and digers pointing down
    anatomical position
  24. why do we study anatomy from the anatomical position
    it produces a precise frame of reference
  25. the ________ is "above the heart" in the anatomical position
    thymus
  26. descriptions of the nerves, and the blood vesseks of the arm assume that the arm is ________
    supine
  27. palms facing up or forward
    supine
  28. palms facing down or rearward
  29. this divides the body into left and right protions
    sagittal plane
  30. this plane divides into euual left and right halves
    midsagittal plane
  31. this plane divides into a front and back protions
    coronal(frontal) plane
  32. plane that divides into upper and lower pottions
    transverse plane
  33. toward the head
    superior
  34. away from the head
    inferior
  35. toward the back
    posterior
  36. toward the front
    anterior
  37. toward the midline
    medial
  38. aaway from the midline of the body
    lateral
  39. toward the trunk of the body
    proximal
  40. away from the trunk of the body
    distal
  41. this body region is made up of the head, cervical region(neck) and the trunk
    axial region
  42. the trunk region is broken into two subdivisions
    thoracic region and abdominal region
  43. the abdomiinal region can be divided into four regions with intersecting lines through the
    umbilicus
  44. what are the four quadrents of the abdominal region
    right upper, right lower, left lower, left upper,
  45. what are the 9 subdivisions of the abdominal region
    right and left iliac, right and left lumbar, left and right hypochondriac, epigastric, hypogastic, umbilical
  46. what makes ip the appendicular region
    upper limbs and lower limbs
  47. what are the parts to the upper limbs
    • brachial region(shoulder to elbow)
    • carpus manus
    • digets
    • antebrachium
  48. the region of the arm; shoulder to elbow
    brachial region
  49. what are the regions of the lower limbs
    • femeral region(thigh)
    • crus or crural region(knee to ankle)
    • tarsus(ankle)
    • pes(foot)
    • digets(toes)
  50. what makes uo the femoral region
    thigh
  51. what makes up the crus/crural region
    knee to ankle
  52. spaces inside the body are known as _______ of the body
    cavities
  53. the cavities are lined with ___________ that covers organs and holds them in place
    membrane
  54. organs within the cavities are refered to as
    viscera
  55. this body cavitiy consists of two subdivisions, the cranial and vertibral cavities
    dorsal body cavity
  56. this body cavity consists of two subdivisions, the Thiracic and abdominopelvic regions
    ventral body cavity
  57. this body cavity contains the organs above the diaphragm such as the heart and lungs
    thoracic body cavity
  58. this cavity contains the organs below the diaphragm
    abdominopelvic cavity

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