Med term 5

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Author:
rhoward
ID:
99184
Filename:
Med term 5
Updated:
2011-09-02 12:01:00
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integumentary system
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Description:
skin conditions
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  1. inflammatory condition of the sebaceous
    acne
  2. small outgrowth of epidermal and dermal tissue(skin tags)
    acrochordon
  3. inflammation by exposure to radiant energy
    actinic dermatitis
  4. absence of pigment in skin, hair, eyes
    albinism
  5. absence or loss of hair
    alopecia
  6. lack or absence of sweating
    anhidrosis
  7. skin graft from body, transfered to another part
    autograft
  8. forcibly tearing off a part or structure of the body (finger, toe)
    avulsion
  9. malignant tumor of skin that rarely metastasizes
    basal cell carcinoma (BCC)
  10. part of skin torn by an insect, animal, or human
    bite
  11. acute, infected, painful nodule formed in sub-q layers of skin
    boil
  12. large blister (a bleb)
    bulla
  13. injury caused by heat, fire, chemical agents, etc
    burn
  14. hardened skin
    callus
  15. infection of the skin or mucous membranes with any species of Candida (fungus)
    candidiasis
  16. infection of the subcutaneous tissue. cluster of boils
    carbuncle
  17. intense burning pain associates with trophic skin changes in the hand or foot after traums to the part
    causalgia
  18. an acute, diffuse inflammation of the skin and sub-q tissue characterized by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling
    cellulitis
  19. scar left after the healing of a wound
    cicatrix
  20. blackhead
    comedo
  21. horny induration and thickening of the skin that may be soft or hard
    corn
  22. technique of using subfeezing
    cryosurgery
  23. pertaining to the skin
    cutaneous
  24. closed sac that contains fluid, semifluid, or solid material
    cyst
  25. removal of foreigh material or damaged or dead tissue
    debridement
  26. separation or burstinf open of a surgical wound
    dehiscence
  27. surgical procedure to remove acne scars, nevi, tattoos, or fine wrinkles
    dermabrasion
  28. inflammation of the skin
    dermatitis
  29. physician who specializes in the study of the skin
    dermatologist
  30. study of the skin
    dermatology
  31. surgical instrument used to cut the skin for grafting
    dermatome
  32. skin condition caused by a fungus
    dermomycosis
  33. abnormal condition in which the blood seeps into the skin causing discoloration....blue-black to greenish yellow
    ecchmosis
  34. acute or chronic inflammatory skin disorder characterizaed by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, crusts, or scabs alone or in combination
    eczema
  35. redness of the skin
    erythema
  36. redness of the skin occurring over widespread areas of the body
    erythroderma
  37. slough, scab
    eschar
  38. abrasion of the epidermis by scratching, trauma, chemicals, or burns
    excoriation
  39. production of pus or serum
    exudate
  40. inflammation of a follicle or follicles
    folliculitis
  41. an eating sore
    gangrene
  42. inflammatory skin disease caused by a herpes virus (fever blister)
    herpes simplex
  43. inflammation of the sweat glands
    hidradenitis
  44. eruption of itching and burning swellings on the skin (urticaria)
    hives
  45. excessive sweating
    hyperhidrosis
  46. under the skin or inserted under the skin
    hypodermic
  47. jaundice
    icteric
  48. skin infection marked by vesicles or bullae
    impetigo
  49. covering: the skin
    integumentary
  50. within the skin, intradermal injection
    intradermal (ID)
  51. yellow (icterus)
    jaundice
  52. excessive collagen formation
    keloid
  53. flat, brownish spot...freckle
    lentigo
  54. localized loss of pigmenttion of the skin
    lukoderma
  55. white spots or patches formed on the muccous membrane of the tongue
    leukoplakia
  56. destructive type of skin lesions; vulgaris or erythematosus
    lupus
  57. tumor that has black pigmentaton
    melanocarcinoma
  58. cancer that develops in the pigment cells of the skin
    melanoma
  59. ABCD
    asummetry, border, color, diameter
  60. pricly heat
    miliaria
  61. pigmented, elevated spot above teh surface of teh skin (nevus)
    mole
  62. inflammation of the nail
    onychitis
  63. fungal infection of the nails
    onychomycosis
  64. thick skin
    pachyderma
  65. infectgious condition of the marginal structures around the nail
    paronychia
  66. infestation with lice
    pediculosis
  67. small hemorrhagic spots on the skin
    petechiae
  68. severe itching
    pruritus
  69. frequent episodes of reness, itching and dry scales
    psoriasis
  70. purplish discoloration fo teh skin caused by extravasation of blood
    purpura
  71. removal of wrinkles
    rhytidoplasty
  72. chronic disease of the skin of teh face marked by varying degrees of papules, pustules, erythema, telagectasia, and hyperplasia of the soft tissues of the nose
    rosacea
  73. any rose-colored rash marked by maculae or red spots of the skin
    roseola
  74. systemic disease caused by a virus and characterized by a rash and fever...german measles
    rubella
  75. contagious disease characterized by fever, inflammation of the mucous membranes....measles
    rubeola
  76. contagious skin disease characterized by papules, vesicles, pustules, burrow, and intense itching
    scabies
  77. mark left by the healing process of a wound, sore, or injury
    scar
  78. condition whit hardening of teh skin and other connective tissues of the body
    scleroderma
  79. excessive flow of oil from the sebaceous glands
    seborrhea
  80. fatty or oily secretion produeced by the sebaceous glands
    sebum
  81. occurring in older people wherein there is dry skin and localized scaling caused by excessive exposure to the sun
    senile keratosis
  82. malignant tumor of squamous epithelial tissue
    squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)
  83. streaks or lines on the breasts, thighs, abdomen, or buttocks caused by obeseity or pregnancy
    striae (plural)
  84. below the skin
    subcutaneous
  85. below the nail
    subungual
  86. tight, firm
    taut
  87. basucal lesion formed by dilation of group of small blood vessels that may appear as a birthmark
    telangiectasia
  88. inability to distinguish between the sensations of heat and cold
    thermanesthesia
  89. contagious skin diseases in humans and domesticl animals, ringworm
    tinea
  90. fungal condition of the hair
    trichomycosis
  91. open lesion or sore of the epidermis or mucous membrane
    ulcer
  92. contagious viral disease characterized by fever, headache, and crop of red spots...chickenpox
    varicella
  93. skin condtion characterized by milk-white patches surrounded by areas of normal pigmentation
    vitiligo
  94. skin lesion with a rough papillomatous surface (verruca)
    wart
  95. injury to soft tissue caused by trauma
    wound
  96. yellowness of the skin
    xanthoderma
  97. yellow tumor
    xanthoma
  98. dry skin
    xeroderma
  99. abnormal dryness of skin, mucous membranes, or the conjunctiva
    xerosis
  100. cystic fibrosis
    CF
  101. decubitus
    decub
  102. history
    Hx
  103. incision and drainage
    I&D
  104. professional corporation
    PC
  105. Purified protein derivative
    PPD
  106. skin graft
    SG
  107. staphylococcus
    staph
  108. streptococcus
    strep
  109. topical immunomodulators
    TIMs
  110. ultraviolet
    UV
  111. substances that are generally oily in nature. EX: desitin- used for dry skin caused by aging, excessibe bathing, and psoriasis
    emollients
  112. agents that cause or promote loosening or horny (keratin) layers of skin EX: Duofilm, Keralyt, and Compound W
    keratolytics
  113. agents that inhibit the conduction of nerve impules from sensory nerves and thereby reduce pain and discomfort EX: Solarcaine and Xylocaine
    local anesthetic agents
  114. agents that acts to prevent the action of histamin. EX: diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
    antihistamine agents
  115. agents that prevent or relieve itching EX: Topical-PBZ(triplelennamine HCl); Oral-Benadryl and Atarax(hydroxyzine HCl)
    antipruritic agents
  116. agents that destroy or sop the growth of microorganisms. EX: Neosporin, Polysporin, and Mycitracin
    antibotic agents
  117. agents that destroy or inhibit the growth of fungi and yeast. EX: Equante antifungal cream(clotrimazole) and Lamisil(terbinafine)
    antifungal agents
  118. agents that combat specific viral diseases. EX: Zovirax(herpes)...etc...
    antiviral agents
  119. perfomed to identify the presence of teh Tubercle bacilli
    turberculosis skin tests
  120. placement of a suspected allergen in the uppermost layers of teh epidermis
    scrap (epicutaneous) or prick test
  121. perfomed on sweat to determine the level or chloride concentration of the skin.
    sweat test (chloride)
  122. microscopic examination of a small piece of tissue that has been surgically scraped from a pustule.
    Tzanck test
  123. performed on wound exudate to dermine the presence of microorganisms and to identigy the specific type.
    wound culture
  124. obtaining of a small piece of living tissue for mictoscopic examination
    biopsy (Bx)
  125. blood test to determine the rate at which red blood cell settle in a long, narrow tube.
    sedimentation rate (ESR)
  126. acr/o
    extremity
  127. aden/o
    gland
  128. albin/o
    white
  129. carcin/o
    cancer
  130. ang/i
    vessel
  131. cellul/o
    little cell
  132. caus/o
    heat
  133. cutane/o
    skin
  134. follicul/o
    little bag
  135. erythr/o
    red
  136. hidr/o
    sweat
  137. icter/o
    jaundice
  138. kel/o
    tumor
  139. kerat/o
    horn
  140. melan/o
    black
  141. myc/o
    fungus
  142. onych/o
    nail
  143. pedicul/o
    a louse
  144. plak/o
    plate
  145. prurit/o
    itching
  146. rhytid/o
    wrinkle
  147. scler/o
    hard, hardening
  148. trich/o
    hair
  149. vuls/o
    to pull
  150. xanth/o
    yellow
  151. xer/o
    dry
  152. innermost epidermal layer responsible for regeneration of the epidermis
    stratum germinativum
  153. spiny layer. stem cell divides, one of the daughter cells is pushed into this layer
    stratum spinosum
  154. has large amounts of keratin.
    stratum granulosum
  155. present in thick skin of the palms and soles
    stratum lucidum
  156. outermost, horny layer, dead cells
    stratum corneum
  157. produce ridges tht are fingerprints
    papillae
  158. function of skin
    protection, regulation, sensation, and secretion
  159. The dermis is what kind of tissue
    connective tissue
  160. agents used to relieve selling, tenderness, redness, and pain of inflammation EX: Sterapred (prednisone)
    anti-inflammatory agents
  161. agents that prevent or inhibit the growth of pathogens EX: Isoprophy alcohol and Zephrian (benzalkonium chloride)
    antiseptic agents

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