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Figurative Language/Figure of speech
(In contrast to literal) has levels of meaning expressed through figures of speech such as personification, metaphor, hyperbole, irony, oxymoron, litote, and others.
(aka Restrospection) an earlier event is inserted into the normal chronology of the narration.
a type or class of literature such as epic, narrative, poetry, biography, history.
- A sermon, but more contemporary uses include any kind of serious talks, speech or lecture involving moral or spiritual life.
- John Donne was known for his homilies, among other things.
overstatement characterized by exaggerated language, usually to make a point or draw attention. If in a state of exhaustion you say, "I'm really beat," that is hyperbole.
- any sensory detail or evocation in a work. The use of figurative language to call to mind an idea, or to describe an object. Basically, imagery involves any or all of the five senses.
- "Her cheeks were rosy and so was my love- bursting with fragrance and softness."
Inductive reasoning (induction)
the method of reasoning or argument in which general statesments and conclusions are drawn from specific principals: movement from the specific to the general.
a conclusion or propostion arrived at by considering facts, observations, or some other specific data.
- the contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant. The intended meaning is often the opposite of what is stated, often suggesting light sarcasm
- "a modest proposal"
- parallel structure in which the parallel elements are similar not only in grammatical structure but also in length.
- "Many are called, but few are chosen"
- specialized or technical language of a trade, profession, or similar group.
- the computer for example has introduced jargon such as geek, crash, interface,down, delete, virus, and bug.
The location of one thing adjacent to or juxtaposed with another to create an effet, reveal an attitude, or accomplish some other purpose.
a figure of speech that emphasizes its subject by conscious understatement- for instance, "not bad" as a comment about something especially well done.
- (a term from syntax) a long sentence that starts with its main clause which is followed by several dependent clauses and modifying phrases.
- "the child ran, frenzied and ignoring all hazards, as if being chased by demons."
- one thing pictured as if it were something else, suggesting a likeness or analogy.
- "it is east and juliet is the sun"
- a figure of speech in which an attribute or commonly associated feature is used to name or designate something as in "buckingham palace announced today.."
- A Mercedes rear-ended me. The word 'me' stands for the car that the speaker was driving.
Mode of discourse
- the way in which information is presented in written or spoken form. narration, description, expostition, and argumentation. also personal observation and narrative reflection.
a feeling or ambience resulting from the tone of a piece as well as the writer/narrators attitude and point of view.
a mode of discourse that tells a story of some sort and is based on sequences of connected events, usually presented in a straightforward, chronological framework.
BINGO. BANGO. BONGO.
a figure of speech that combines two apparently contradictory elements such as a wise fool,baggy tights, or deafening silence.
- a statement that seems contradictory but may probably be true.
- "fight for peace"
- the use of similar forms in writing for nouns, verbs, phrases, or thoughts.
- "jane enjoys reading, writing, and skiing."
the element in literature that stimulates pity or sorrow.
- a long sentence in which the main clause isnt completed until the end.
- "the child, who looked as if she were being chased by demons, ignoring all hazards, ran."
treating an abstraction or nonhuman object as if it were a person by endowing it with human qualities or features.
Point of view
the relation in which a narrator/author stands to a subject of discourse.