Anatomy terms

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Author:
cayden0726
ID:
99250
Filename:
Anatomy terms
Updated:
2011-09-06 20:35:51
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body planes
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anatomy
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  1. Closer to mid-line/median plane of body
    medial
  2. Closer to longitudinal axis
    Axial
  3. Pertaining to nose end of head, or toward the nose; this is not interchangeable with "cranial"
    Rostral
  4. Pertaining to the head
    cephalic
  5. Lying down (dorsal, ventral, sternal, lateral)
    recumbency
  6. Farthest from the center of body relative to another body part; farther from point of origin
    distal
  7. Tail end of body or position more toward tail/rear of body than another reference point; pertaining to the base side of leg above carpus/tarsus
    caudal
  8. Opposite or dorsal; pertaining to the belly/underside of a quadruped
    ventral
  9. Position away from mid-line, plane of structure
    lateral
  10. Pertaining to the back area of a quadruped or denoting a position more toward the back
    dorsal
  11. Nearest to center of body relative to another body part
    proximal
  12. Examples of connective tissues
    fat, cartilage, and bone
  13. Divides body into equal right and left halves
    median plane
  14. Movement of limb toward median line of middle of the body
    adduction
  15. A joint, decreasing the angle between two bones
    flexion
  16. Divides body dorsally and ventrally, not necessarily equally
    dorsal plane
  17. Same as paramedian plane, plane dividing body into unequal right and left portions; parallel to median plane
    sagittal plane
  18. Movement of a limb away from median line or middle of body
    abduction
  19. Plane perpendicular to median plane; divides body into cranial & caudal parts; also organ or limb at right angle to long axis
    Transverse plane
  20. Straightening a joint (not a limb); increasing the angle between two bones
    extension
  21. 5 functions of the skin
    • protection
    • store nutrients
    • excrete water/salts
    • absorb vitamin E
    • sensory
  22. what is found in the corium of the hoof
    • nerves
    • blood vessels
  23. What kind of tissue is in the hypodermis
    areolar
  24. What is the pleura
    a serous membrane that covers the lungs and lines the walls of the thorax
  25. what are the 4 primary tissue types
    • epithelial
    • connective
    • muscle
    • nervous
  26. what is the epithelial tissue responsible for
    covering or lining other tissues and organs
  27. what is the connective tissue responsible for
    supporting and connecting other tissues
  28. muscle tissue is responsible for
    movement and contraction
  29. nervous tissue is responsible for
    controlling work through electrical and chemical signals
  30. What is the Pulmonary(visceral) Pluera attached to?
    the lungs
  31. Parietal Pluera is attached to what organ
    the thoracic walls
  32. what does parietal mean
    wall
  33. What does the Parietal diaphragmatic pleura cover
    the cranial surface of the diaphragm
  34. What does the Parietal Mediastinal Pleura cover
    mediastinum
  35. what does the mediastinum have enclosed in it
    • heart
    • trachea
    • esophagus
    • thymus
    • aorta
    • vena cava
    • vagus nerves
  36. when is it referred to pericardial mediastinal plueura
    when it covers the heart completely
  37. list in order what the beam will hit from left to right
    • Parietal coastal Pleura
    • pleural cavity
    • Pulmonary(visceral) pleura
    • pulmonary(visceral) pleura
    • pleural cavity
    • Parietal coastal pleura
    • pulmonary cavity
  38. pleural cavities contain a small amount of what?
    serous fluid and nothing else
  39. what would happen if you had in opening in your pleural cavity?
    your lungs would collapse
  40. what are the 5 layers of the epidermis
    • stratum basale-deepest layer
    • stratum spinosum
    • stratum granulosum
    • stratum lucidum
    • stratum corneum
  41. list the cells and their functions of the epidermis
    • keratinocytes-produces keratin which gives skin its resilency
    • melanocytes-produces melanin
    • merkel cells-aid in the sensation of touch
    • langerhans cells-helps stimulate aspects of the immune system
  42. polled ruminants dont have....
    horns
  43. what is the coronet on a horse hoof
    the junction of the hoof and the skin
  44. define anatomy
    form and structure of the body and its parts
  45. what 3 characteristics do you use to classify epithelial tissue
    • # of layers of cells
    • shape of cells
    • presence of surface specialization

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