Medical Terminology

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Anonymous
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99274
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Medical Terminology
Updated:
2011-08-31 22:36:41
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GPC NURS 1921
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Medical Terms
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  1. a, an
    • without
    • away from
    • not
  2. ab
    • away from
    • absent
  3. abdominal
    • abd
    • to the adbdomen
  4. abduction
    • lateral movements of the limbs away from center of body (median plane)
    • lateral bending of head or trunk
  5. above / higher
    superior
  6. ac
    before meals
  7. adduction
    • add
    • movement of a limb or eye toward the center (median) of the body
    • digits (fingers) moving towards the axial line of a limb
  8. ad lib
    as desired
  9. adl
    acitivities of daily living
  10. -algia
    • pain
    • suffering
    • i.e. neuralgia
  11. analgesia
    abscense of normal sense of pain
  12. antecubital
    in front of the elbow
  13. anterior
    • ant
    • toward the front
  14. apnea
    temporary cessation of breathing
  15. arthro
    • joint
    • i.e. arthroscopy
  16. auro, auriculo, audio, oto, audito
    hearing
  17. axilla
    • armpit
    • axillary
  18. bid
    twice a day
  19. brachial
    pertaining to the arm
  20. bradypnea
    abnormally slow breathing
  21. brp
    bathroom priviledges
  22. buccal
    pertaining to the cheek
  23. c with a line over it c
    with
  24. cardiac, cardio, coronary
    pertaining to the heart
  25. carotid
    pertaining to the right and left carotid arteries
  26. cbc
    complete blood count
  27. c & db
    cough and deep breath
  28. chol, chole
    • bile, gall
    • i.e. cholecystitis
  29. chondro
    cartilage
  30. coag
    coagulation
  31. coccyx
    base of the spine
  32. contra
    against
  33. costal
    pertaining to the ribs
  34. cranial
    pertaining to the cranium
  35. cutaneous
    pertaining to the skin
  36. cxr
    chest x-ray
  37. cyto
    • cell
    • i.e cytology
  38. deltoid
    pertaining to the deltoid muscle (shoulder)
  39. derma, dermato, cutaneous
    skin
  40. dorsal
    pertaining to the back
  41. distal
    farthest from the center
  42. dm
    diabetes mellitus
  43. dys
    • difficult, painful
    • i.e. dyspnea (labored breathing accompanied by pain)
  44. -ectomy
    excision
  45. edema
    swelling
  46. ekg, ecg
    electrocardiogram
  47. -emia
    pertaining to the blood
  48. ent
    ears, nose, throat
  49. enter, entero
    instestine
  50. eupnea
    normal, quiet breathing
  51. eversion
    turning outward
  52. ext.
    exterior, external
  53. extension
    movement that pulls apart both ends of a part
  54. febrile
    fever
  55. femoral
    pertaining to the femur
  56. flexion
    the act of bending
  57. fowlers
    a semi-sitting position
  58. frontal
    pertaining to the forehead bone
  59. gastric, gastro
    stomach
  60. glossal
    pertaining to the tongue
  61. gluteal
    pertaining to the buttocks
  62. groin
    inguinal
  63. ha
    headache
  64. heart
    pump of the circulatory system
  65. head
    • top
    • part of the body containing the brain
  66. hepatic
    pertaining to the liver
  67. heme
    iron containing non-protein portion of hemoglobin
  68. hemi
    half
  69. HEPA
    high efficiency particulate air
  70. hip
    region lateral to the ileum of the pelvic bone
  71. htn
    hypertension
  72. humerus
    pertaining to the upper arm
  73. hyper
    • excessive
    • above
    • beyond
    • i.e. hyperextend
  74. hypo
    • under
    • beneath
    • i.e. hypodermic
  75. iliac
    pertaining to the ileum
  76. im
    intramuscular
  77. inferior
    • inf
    • away from the head end
  78. inguinal
    pertaining to the groin region
  79. int-
    intermittent
  80. intra-
    • within
    • i.e. intra-arterial
  81. inversion
    turning upward
  82. i & o
    intake and output
  83. -itis
    inflammation of..
  84. iv
    intravenous
  85. ivf
    intravenous fluids
  86. lateral
    to the side
  87. lingual
    pertaining to the tongue
  88. -lithiasis
    formation of stones
  89. hepat, hepato
    pertaining to the liver
  90. llq
    lower left quadrant
  91. lumbar
    • pertaining to the loins
    • part of the back between the thorax and the pelvis
  92. pulmo-
    pertaining to the lungs
  93. luq
    left upper quadrant
  94. mammary
    pertaining to the breast
  95. medial
    toward the middle
  96. melena
    • black tarry feces
    • (blood in the stool)
  97. mi
    myocardial infarction (heart attack)
  98. ml
    mililiters
  99. os, oro, mouth
    • mouth
    • opening of any cavity
  100. myo
    muscle
  101. naso
    pertaining to the nose
  102. nephr, nephra, nephro, ren, reno
    pertains to the kidneys
  103. neuro
    nervous system
  104. npo
    nothing by mouth or per os
  105. nsaids
    non-steroidal ant-inflammatory drugs
  106. occipital
    concerning the back of the head
  107. oculo, ophtalmo, opto
    pertains to the eye
  108. od
    right eye
  109. -oma
    • tumor
    • i.e. sarcoma
  110. opioids
    narcotics
  111. os
    left eye
  112. -ostomy
    • a created mouth or outlet
    • i.e. gastrostomy
  113. osteo-
    refers to the bone
  114. -otomy
    • incision, into
    • i.e. episiotomy
  115. otc
    over the counter
  116. ou
    both eyes
  117. outside or exterior to
    external
  118. parietal
    • pertaining to the wall of a cavity
    • pertaining to the parietal bone
  119. pc
    • post meals
    • after meals
  120. pca
    patient controlled analgesia
  121. patellar
    pertaining to the patella
  122. pedal
    pertaining to the foot
  123. perrla
    pupils equal, round, react to light and accommodation
  124. peripheral
    occurring or located away from the center
  125. perineal
    situated on the perineum
  126. plantar
    concerning the sole of the foot
  127. popliteal
    back of the knee
  128. posterior
    toward the back
  129. -pnea
    • breathing
    • i.e. dyspnea
  130. pneumo
    • air
    • lung
  131. po
    • by mouth (per os)
    • i.e. Tylenol 325 mg po q 4hrs prn pain)
  132. prone
    lying horizontally with face downward
  133. proximal
    • to the nearest point of attachment
    • center of the body
  134. prn
    as needed
  135. pseudo
    • false
    • fake
  136. psychogenic
    of mental origin
  137. pulmonary
    involving the lungs
  138. pvd
    peripheral vascular disease
  139. q
    every
  140. radial
    pertaining to the radius bone
  141. renal
    pertaining to the kidneys
  142. retro
    backward
  143. rlq
    right lower quadrant
  144. -rraghia
    • rupture
    • profuse discharge
    • i.e. menorraghia
  145. -rraphy
    • suturing or stitching
    • i.e. herniorrhaphy
  146. ruq
    right upper quadrant
  147. s with a line over it
    without
  148. sanguine
    pertaining to the blood
  149. sc, sq
    subcutaneous
  150. scd
    sequential compression devices
  151. -stalsis
    • contraction
    • i.e. peristalsis
  152. -stasis
    • arrest
    • fixation
    • i.e. venostasis
  153. stat
    right away
  154. sub
    • beneath
    • under
    • i.e. sublingual: under the tongue
  155. superficial
    near the surface
  156. superior
    above something else
  157. supine
    lying on the back with face upward
  158. tachy
    • swift
    • rapid
    • i.e. tachycardia
  159. temporal
    pertaining to the temple
  160. thorax
    chest
  161. thrombus
    blood clot that obstructs a blood vessel or a cavity of the heart
  162. -tomy
    • excision
    • cutting operation
  163. toxic
    • toxin
    • caused by poison
  164. uoq
    upper outer quadrant
  165. umbilical
    pertaining to the umbillicus
  166. ventral
    pertaining to the belly
  167. visceral
    pertaining to the viscera or internal organs
  168. wbc
    white blood count
  169. wnl
    within normal limits
  170. x with a line over it
    except

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