Merrill's volume 1 Chapter 3

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Author:
tlmichelich
ID:
99285
Filename:
Merrill's volume 1 Chapter 3
Updated:
2011-09-04 16:12:08
Tags:
position
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Description:
Positions
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  1. Forward or front part of the body or of a part
    Anterior
  2. Back part of body or part
    Posterior
  3. Parts away from the head of the body
    (Central ray angled away from head)
    Caudad
  4. Parts toward the head
    (Central ray angled towards the head)
    Cephalad
  5. Nearer the head or situated above
    Superior
  6. Nearer the feet or situated below
    Inferior
  7. Mid area or main part of an organ
    Central
  8. At or near the surface, edge, or outside of another part
    Peripheral
  9. Toward the median plane of the body or toward the middle of a body part
    Medial
  10. Away from the median plane or away from the middle of a part
    Lateral
  11. Near the skin or surface
    Superficial
  12. Far from the surface
    Deep
  13. Farthest from the point of attachemnt or origin
    Distal
  14. Nearer to the point of attachment or origin
    Proximal
  15. Outside the body or part
    External
  16. Inside the body or part
    Internal
  17. The wall or lining of a body cavity
    Parietal
  18. The covering of an organ
    Visceral
  19. Parts on the same side of the body
    Ipsilateral
  20. Parts on the opposite side of the body
    Contralateral
  21. Palm of the hand
    Palmar
  22. Sole of the foot
    Plantar
  23. Anterior, or top, of the food or the back of the hand
    Dorsum
  24. Defined as the path of the CR as it exits the x-ray tube, passes through the patient to the IR .

    (Identified by the entrance and exit points of the body)
    Projection
  25. Overall posture of the patient or general body position

    (also refers to the specific placement of the body or part in relation to the table or IR)
    Position
  26. Used to describe the body part as seen by the IR.
    (exact opposite of projection, the preferred term in the United States)
    View
  27. Refers to a specific radiopraphic projection developed by an individual.
    Method
  28. CR enters the anterior surface and exits the posterior
    AP
  29. CR enters th posterior surface and exits the anterior
    PA
  30. Longitudinal angle of the CR of 10 degrees or more
    Axial
  31. CR enters one side of the body, passing transversely along the coronal plane
    Lateral
  32. CR enters from the side angle
    (Entrance and exit surfaces still specified, E.G., AP oblique)
    Oblique
  33. CR directed along the outer margin of a curved body surface
    Tangential
  34. Lying down in any position
    Recumbent
  35. Lying on the back
    Supine
  36. lying face down
    Prone
  37. supine with the head lower than the feet
    Trendeleburg's position
  38. Supine with the head elevated
    Fowler's position
  39. recumbent with patient lying on left anterior side with left leg extended and right knee and thigh partially flexed
    Sims' position
  40. supine with knees and hips flexed and thighs abducted and rotated externally, supported by ankle supports
    Luthotomy position
  41. named according to the side of the patient that is placed closer to the IR
    Lateral position
  42. RAO
  43. LAO
  44. RPO
  45. LPO
  46. - Recubment position with a horizontal CR
    -Named according to the body surface on which the patient is lying
    Decubitus position
  47. Left Lateral Decubitus
  48. Left Ventral Decubitus
  49. Right Dorsal Decubitus
  50. Upright position in which the patient is leaning backward

    Lordotic position
  51. Movement of a part away from the central axis of the body
    Abduct or Abduction

  52. Movement of a part toward the central axis of the body
    • Adduct or Adduction
  53. Straightening of a joint
    • Extension
  54. Bending of a joint
    • Flexion
  55. Forced or excessive extension
    • Hyperextension
  56. Forced overflexion
    Hyperflexion

  57. Outward turning of the foot at the ankle
    • Evert/Eversion
  58. Inward turning of the food at the ankle
    • Invert/Inversion
  59. Rotation of forearm so that the palm is down
    • Pronate/Pronation
  60. Rotation of forarm so that the palm is up
    • Supinate/supination
  61. Turning of the body or part around its axis.
    Rotation of a limb is either medial(toward midline) or lateral (away from midline)
    • Rotate/Rotation
  62. Circular movement of a limb
    Circumduction

  63. Tipping or slanting a body part slightly
    • Tilt
  64. What joint type is Synarthroses?
    Immovable
  65. What joint type is Amphiarthroses
    partially moveable
  66. what joint type is Diarthroses
    freely moveable

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