surrounds and protects the cells and regulates what passes in and out of the cell.
controls the operations of the cell. it directs cell division and determines the structure and function of the cell
rod like structures within the nucleus that contain regions of DNA called genes. . all human body cells, except sex cells, contain 23 pairs of chromosomes. Sperm and egg cells contain only 23 individual unpaired chromosomes
regions of DNA within each chromosome
Chemical found within each chromosome . Arranged like a sequence of recipies in code. it directs the activities of the cell.
a photograph of an individual's chromosomes arranged by size, shape, and number. it determines if the chromosomes are normal.
Process of building up complex materials (proteins) from simple materials. Anabolism produces proteins such as hormones and enzymes that are important to growth of cells. Anabolism occurrs in the endoplasmic reticulum of a cell.
Process of breaking down complex materials to form simpler substances and release energy.
all the material that is outsie the nucleus and yet contained within the cell
structure within the cytoplasm. site in which large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces. anabolism takes place on the ribosomes of the ER.
Total of all chemical process in a cell. Anabolism and catabolism
structures in the cytoplasm in which foods are burned to release energy. catabolism takes place in mitochondria.
long and slender and contain fibers that aid in contracting and relaxing
a lining skin cell, may be square and flat to provide protection
may be long and have various fibrous extensions that aid in its job of carrying impulses
contains large, empty spaces for fat storage
scientist that specializes in the study of tissues
located all over the body, forms and lines internal organs, and the outer surface of the skin
collections of fat cells
flexible connective tissue attached to bones at joints. it surround the trachea and forms part of the ears and nose
voice box. located in the upper region of the trachea
throat. it serves as common passageway for food and air
endrocine gland at the base of the brain
surrounds the trachea in the neck
windpipe. leads from the throat to the bronchial tubes
one of 2 tubes leading from the kidney to the urinary bladder
tube from the urinary bladder to the outside of body
space below the chest containing organs like the liver stomach, gallbladder, and intestines. also called the abdomen.
space in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the skull.
muscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities. moves up and down to help with breathing.
pertaining to the back
centrally located space between the lungs
space between the abdomen, containing portions of the intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, reproductive organs.
double layered membrane surrounding the abdominal organs
double layerd membrane surrounding each lung
space bewteen the pleural membranes
space beteen the spinal column and containing the spinal cord. (also called the spinal canal)
space in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, esophagus, and other regions.
pertaining to the front
neck region C1 to C7
chest region T1 to T12
loin (wais ) region L1 to L5
region of the sacrum S1 to S5
region of he coccyx ... tailbone
front of the body
away from the surface
far from the point of attachement to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure.
frontal (coronal) plane
vertical plane dividing the body or structure into anterior and posterior portions
below another structure; pretaining to the tail or lower portion of the body.
pertaining to the side
pertaining to the middle or near the middle plane of the body
back surface of the body
lying on the belly face down
near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
sagittal (lateral ) plane
lengthwise, vertical plane dividing the body or structure into right and left sides.
on the surface
above another structure; pertaining to the head
lying on the back (face up palms up)
transverse (cross sectional or axial) plane
horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower portions