Chapter 1: Lesson Two
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Chapter 1: Lesson Two
Chapter Lesson Two
Chapter 1: Lesson Two
The smallest unit of matter that can enter into chemical reactions and is nondivisible bychemical means is called a(an) ______.
Which of the following is a subatomic particle of an atom?
all are subatomic particle
The atomic mass of an atom is equal to the number of ______ plus the number of ______.
Which of the following statements is true?
Electrons have a negative charge and equal the number of protons.
What determines whether or not an atom reacts with other atoms?
the number of electrons in the outer shell
In an electrically neutral atom, the number of ______ is equal to the number of ______.
The carbon atom has an atomic number of 6 and an atomic mass of 12. Therefore, a carbonatom has ______ protons.
Chlorine has an atomic number of 17 and an atomic mass of 35. When chlorine becomes thechloride ion, its charge is ______.
Chlorine has an atomic number of 17. How many electrons are in the outermost shell
The molecule, K+Cl‐, is held together by ______ bonds.
If an atom either gains or loses an electron, the atom is called a(an) ______.
Which type of bond will share electrons between atoms?
When two nonmetal oxygen atoms (atomic number = 8) react with each other, they ______.
If there are three pairs of electrons that are shared between two atoms, a(an) ______ isformed.
: triple bond
An individual water molecule is held together by ______.
Many water molecules are weakly held together by ______.
: hydrogen bonds
Which of the following statements is NOT a true characteristic of water?
: Because of hydrogen bonding, liquid water is less dense than ice.
______ are molecules that dissociate in water, releasing hydrogen ions
If the concentration of hydrogen ions is 1 x 10‐6,, the pH is ______.
At which pH will the concentration of hydrogen ions be equal to the concentration of hydroxideions?
When hydrochloric acid, a strong acid, is added to water, the pH of water ______.
______ are chemicals or combinations of chemicals that take up excess hydrogen ions orhydroxide ions in order to keep the pH constant.
If the hydrogen ion concentration in water was 0.0000001, the pH is ______.
Which atoms are always found in organic molecules?
carbon and hydrogen
Which of the following is NOT an organic molecule?
Which of the following statements is NOT correct about organic molecules?
: Organic molecules always have ionic bonding between atoms.
Carbohydrates are macromolecules composed of ______ monomers.
______ is the process of splitting of a bond within a larger molecule by the addition of water
______ is the process in which water is removed when two monomers join to form amacromolecule
: dehydration reaction
Glucose, fructose, and galactose are all classified as ______.
Which type of organic macromolecule is used primarily for energy and structure
Which of the following molecules is NOT a polysaccharide?
Which type of carbohydrate is found in plant cell walls and accounts in part for the strongnature of these walls
Glycerol and fatty acid are the monomers for most ______.
______ occurs when an oil droplet is dispersed in water.
A saturated fatty acid contains more ______ atoms than the same unsaturated fatty acid.
When glycerol combines with three fatty acids, a (an) ______ molecule results
______ are lipids containing phosphorus that are very important in cell membranes
Which type of organic molecule is used for long‐term energy storage, insulation against heatloss, and forms a protective cushion around major organs
Which type of lipid has four fused carbon rings?
Which of the following molecules is NOT a steroid?
A (An) ______ has a hydrocarbon chain (a string of carbon atoms with hydrogen atomsattached) and ends with the acid group ‐COOH.
Proteins are polymers of ______.
What is the name of this functional group: ‐COOH ?
: acidic group
The bond that occurs between the acid group of one amino acid and the amino group ofanother amino acid is termed a (an) ______ bond.
A ______ is a chain of amino acids joined by peptide bonds.
Which of the following types of organic molecules have their monomers joined by a peptidebond?
Which type of organic molecule sometimes has a structural role and may act as an enzyme?
What is the final three‐dimensional shape of a protein called?
The _______ structure of a protein is the linear sequence of the amino acids joined by peptidebonds.
The ______ structure of a protein comes about when the polypeptide chain takes a particularorientation in space.
What are the components of a nucleotide?
: phosphate, pentose sugar, nitrogen‐containing base
When nucleotide monomers join together, the ______ polymer is formed.
: nucleic acid
The backbone of a nucleic acid is composed of ______.
r:sugar‐ phosphate‐sugar‐phosphate, etc.
_____ molecules are characterized by having two strands of nucleotide polymers held togetherby hydrogen bonds.
Which organic macromolecules are used for reproduction and to control protein synthesis?
: nucleic acids
Which molecule functions as an energy carrier in cells?
Which pair below is mismatched?
After ATP breaks down to ADP, what is added to ADP to restore it to back to ATP?