Card Set Information
human anatomy and physiology
branch of science that deals with the structure(morphology) of body parts-their forms and how they are organized.
concerns the functions of body parts-what they do and how they do it.
the body is standing erect, face forward, with the upper limbs at the sides and palms forward
body part is above another part. (The thoracic cavity is superior to the abdominopelvic cavity.)
body part is below another body part.
(the neck is inferior to the head)
towrd the front.
(the eyes are anterior to the brain)
toward the back.
(the pharynx is posterior to the oral cavity)
imaginary midline dividing the body into equal right and left halves. Body part is medial if it is closer to the midline than another part. (The nose is medial to the eyes)
toward the side, away from the imaginary midline.
(The ears are lateral to the eyes0
Paired structures, one of which is on each side.
(the lungs are bilateral)
structures on the same side.
(the right lung and the right kidney are ipsilateral.)
structures on opposite side.
( A pt with a fractured bone in the right leg would have to bear weight on the contralateral-in this case-,left-lower limb.)
body part that is closer to a point of attachment to the trunk than another body part.
(The elbow is proximal to the wrist)
opposite of proximal. body part is farther from a point of attachment to the trunk than another body part is.
(the fingers are distal to the wrist)
near the surface
more internal than superficial parts. ( the
dermis is the deep layer of the skin)
the thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity, organs within these two cavities
the walls of the right and left thoracic compartments, which contain the lungs, are lined with a membrane
membrane covers each lung
membrane attached to the wall of a cavity
membrane that is deeper-toward the interior- covers an internal organ such as a lung.
potential space between parietal and visceral pleural membrane,(no space exists)
surrounds the heart
integumentary system, skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system, endocrine system, cardiovascular system, lymphatic system, digestive system, respiratory system, urinary system, reproductive system
skin, hair, nails, sweat glands and sebaceous glands
bones, ligaments and cartilages that bind bones together.
muscles provide forces that move body parts by contracting and pulling their ends closer together.
brain, spinal cord, nerves and sense organs.
includes all the glands that secrete chemical messengers called hormones.
heart, arteries, veins, capillaries, and blood.
lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, thymus, spleen, and a fluid called lymph.
carries certain fatty substances away from the digestive organs.
mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancrease, small intestines, large intestines
nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs
kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra.
reproductive system (male)
scrotum, testes, epididymids, ductus deferentia, seminal vesicles,prostate gland, bulbourethral glands, peniss and urethra
reproductive system (female)
ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, clitoris, and vulva.
abdominal cavity, organs
stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, kidneys and most of the small and large intestines
pelvic cavity organs
large intestine, urinary bladder, and internal reproductive organs.
teeth and tongue
nose, right and left portions ofby a nasal septum
eyes and skeletal muscles and nerves
middle ear cavities
middle ear bones
Requirements of organisms
water, foods, oxygen, heat, pressue
h2o, most abundant chemical in the body. transports substances within the organism and is important in regulating body temp.
substances that provide the body w/ necessary chemicals.
gas that makes up about 1/5 of ordinary air. it is used to release energy from food substances
form of energy
force of something. (pressure is important in breathing)
stable internal environment
the total sum of all of the chemical reactions in the body that break substances down and build them up.
level of organization
atom, molecule, macromolecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
characteristics of life.
movement, responsiveness, growth, respiration, digestion, absorption, circulation, assimilation, excretion.