Principles of Basic Infection Control: Tips for Practice
1. Microorganisms move through space on air currents - avoid shaking or tossing linens. Do not place dirty linen on the floor.
2. Microoganisms are transferred from one surface to another whenever objects touch, a clean item touching a less clean item becomes "dirty" - keeps hands away from face, keep linens away from uniforms, an item dropped on the floor is considered dirty.
3. Microorganisms are transferred by gravity when one item is held above another, avoid passing dirty items over clean items. Clean items on upper shelves - dirty items on bottom shelves (ex. bedpan)
4. Microoganisms are relreased into the air on droplet nuclei whenever a person breathes or speaks - aviod breathing directly in someone's face. When someone coughs or sneezes cover mouth with tissue, discard and wash hands.
5. Microorganisms move slowly on dry surfaces, but very quickly through moisture - use dry paper towl to turn off faucets and dry bath basin before returning it to the bedside table.
6. ALWAYS WASH HANDS BETWEEN PATIENTS.