MT Chapter 2 - Disease Terms

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  1. acute
    sharp; having intense, often severe symptoms and a short course
  2. chronic
    a condition that develops slowly and persists over a period of time
  3. benign
    mild or noncancerous
  4. malignant
    harmful or cancerous
  5. degeneration
    gradual deterioration of normal cells and body functions
  6. degenerative disease
    any disease in which deterioration of the structure or function of tissue occurs
  7. diagnosis

    dia=through; gnosis=knowing
    determination of the presence of a disease based on an evaluation of symptoms, signs, and test findings (results)
  8. etiology

    study of the cause of a disease
  9. exacerbation

    ex=out; acerbo=harsh
    increase in the severity of a disease, with aggravation of symptoms
  10. remission
    a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate
  11. febrile
    relating to a fever (elevated temperature)
  12. idiopathic

    idio=one's own
    a condition occurring without a clearly defined cause
  13. localized
    limited to a definite area or part
  14. systemic
    relating to the whole body rather than to only a part
  15. malaise
    a feeling of uneasiness or discomfort; often the first indication of illness
  16. marked
  17. morbidity
    sick; a diseased state
  18. mortality
    the state of being subject to death
  19. prognosis
    foreknowledge; prediction of the likely outcome of a disease based on the general health status of the patient along with knowledge of the usual course of the disease; often noted in one word (e.g., "Prognosis: good")
  20. progressive
    pertaining to the advance of a condition as the signs and symptoms increase in severity
  21. prophylaxis

    pro=before; phylassein=guard
    a process or measure that prevents disease
  22. recurrent
    to occur again; described a return of symptoms and signs after a period of quiescence
  23. sequela
    a disorder or condition usually resulting from a previous disease or injury
  24. sign
    a mark; objective evidence of disease that can be seen or verified by an examiner
  25. symptom
    subjective evidence of disease that is perceived by the patient and often noted in his or her own words
  26. syndrome
    a running together; combination of symptoms and signs that give a distinct clinical picture indicating a particular condition or disease
  27. noncontributary
    not involved in bringing on the condition of result
  28. unremarkable
    common; not out of the ordinary or significant
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MT Chapter 2 - Disease Terms
Disease Terms and definitions
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