pt

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Author:
werika
ID:
99714
Filename:
pt
Updated:
2011-09-04 15:30:27
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NBCE
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PT
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  1. Massage indications
    subacute sprains, strains, bruises, tendinitis, and bursitis
  2. massage contraindications
    vascular problems
  3. friction massage
    break adhesions
  4. trigger pt indications
    • myofascial pain/spasm
    • used to elongate contracted bands of mm
    • NO longer than 10 seconds
  5. traction indications
    disc syndromes, ivf encroachment, chronic mm spasm
  6. traction contraindications
    bone weak/inhibitedening conditions, ligamentous instability, acute injury= NEVER
  7. crytherapy indications
    acute condition
  8. cryotherapy contraindication
    circulatory compromise, hypersensitivity to cold, frostbite, raynauds
  9. cryotherapy length
    20-30 mintues
  10. RICE
    • rest, ice , compress, elevate
    • acute conditions
  11. infrared indications
    chronic musculoskeletal conditions, arthritic/stiff jts
  12. infrared contraindications
    acute conditions, inflammation and abnoraml thermal sensation
  13. ultraviolet indications
    skin and bone conditions
  14. UV contraindications
    • hemorrhage and inflammation
    • short wave use at 90* angle,
  15. UV effects
    antibacterial, antifungal & metabolic
  16. Diathermy indications
    deep chronic musculoskel conidtions, PID, prostatitis
  17. diathermy contraindications
    acute conditions, metallic implants, open epiphyseal centers (no kids)
  18. ultrasound indications
    • musculoskeletal conditions, contractures, and adhesions
    • pulsed during acute
    • continous phase sub acute/chronic
  19. ultrasound set on pulse is for __ conditions
    acute
  20. ultrasound set on continous phase is for ___ conditions
    subacute/ chronic
  21. US contraindiciations
    epiphyseal centers, bony prominence, and fractures
  22. US effects
    • thermal (continusous)
    • mechanical, chemical and neural
  23. US is performed __ to accommodate bony/irregular areas
    underwater or surface modality
  24. Add .5 w/cm2 if doing US ___
    underwater
  25. low volt galvanic
    polar effects
  26. low volt galvanic indications
    intophoresis, denervated mm
  27. high volt is used for
    • pain control
    • reduce mm spasm, edema
    • exercise mm
  28. TENS
    used for pain control only
  29. faradic/Sine wave
    used for mm contraction, stretch fibrotic tissue, increase lymph flow
  30. interferential
    used for Pain control, edema reduction, break spasm, exercise mm
  31. interferential effects
    2 crossing sine waves, reduce mm spasm, edema, pain, exercise mm
  32. trochanteric belt/ sacroiliac girdle
    used for SI hypermobilities (Sit/stand test)
  33. patient has OCI (osteitis condecens illi) what do you advise that they use
    trochanteric belt
  34. isometric contraction
    • tenstion is developed but the mm does not change in length
    • NO jt movement!
    • initial treatment of an injury
  35. patient is wearing a cast what type of mm contraction do you advise?
    isometric
  36. isotonic contraction
    • mm changes length
    • jt moves!
    • performed against constant resistance: concentric/eccentric
  37. concentric isotonic contraction
    shortened contraction (+ work)
  38. + work contraction
    concentric
  39. - work contraction
    lengthening
  40. eccentric isotonic contraction
    lengthening contraction (- work)
  41. isokinetic contraction
    • mm contraction w/ a change in length and change in resistance
    • constant speed, full ROM
  42. buerger-allen
    • peripheral vascular diseases
    • lift legs off table, wait for blood to return, repeat
  43. William's
    • abdominal crunches, pelvic tilts, and hamstring stretches
    • designed to reduce HYPERlordosis
  44. mcKenzies
    • low back extension exercises
    • increase lordosis
    • rehab a disc
  45. codman's
    • finger tip wall walking and pedular exercises
    • restore normal shoulder movements
  46. kegels
    • used to tight/facilitate perineum
    • post partum, incontinence
  47. jacobson's exercise
    biofeedback
  48. deLorme
    used to rehab the knee
  49. frenkels
    used to increase coordination & uses wobble board
  50. patient comes in with an ankle sprain, which exercise to do you advise
    frenkels
  51. bobarth exercises
    patterning
  52. bobarth exercises
    used for CP patients
  53. plometrics
    ballistic exercises
  54. open chain exercise
    hand or foot- free to move
  55. bicep curl/leg extension is an example of ___ chain
    open
  56. closed chain exercise
    hand or foot- fixed, cannot move
  57. pushups or squats are examples of __ chain
    closed
  58. upper crossed syndrome: weak/inhibited
    • deep neck flexors
    • lower trap
    • middle trap
    • serratus anterior
  59. upper crossed syndrome: tight/facilitated mm
    • pecs
    • upper traps
    • ant delt
    • levator scap
    • SCM, scalenes= deep neck flexors
  60. lower crossed syndrome weakness
    • abs
    • glutes
    • hamstrings
  61. lower crossed syndrome tightness
    • iliopsoas
    • quads
    • erector spinae

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