Lab Values

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Author:
aejenner
ID:
99716
Filename:
Lab Values
Updated:
2011-09-05 11:19:50
Tags:
RBC
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Description:
Lab Values for Nursing 1505
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  1. RBC count
    • Adult male = 5.2-5.8
    • Adult female = 3.9-5.1

    • Older male = 3.8-5.8
    • Older female = 3.7-5.3
  2. Polycythemia
    increased RBC count
  3. Anemia
    decreased rbc
  4. Hemoglobin (hgb)
    • adult male = 13.2-17.3 g/dL
    • adult female = 11.7-15.5 g/dL

    • older male = 12.6-17.4 g/dL
    • older female = 11.7-16.1 g/dL
  5. Hematocrit (hct)
    • adult male = 37-49%
    • adult female = 33-45%

    • older male = 36-52%
    • older female = 34-46%
  6. Hematocrit def.
    Measure of the amount of space RBCs take up in the blood.

    Hemoglobin x3

    Increased in pt's w/ burns, dehydration
  7. White Blood Cell (WBC)
    4,500 - 11,000/ mm3
  8. WBC levels
    increases in infection

    decreases in autoimmune diseases
  9. Platelets
    150,000 - 450,000/mm3
  10. Platelet levels
    increases in infection and malignancies

    decreases in viral infections (AIDS)
  11. BUN

    Blood Urea Nitrogen
    14y - adult = 8-21 mg/dL

    90+ = 10-31 mg/dL
  12. Creatine
    • adult male = 0.6-1.2
    • adult female = 0.5-1.1

    decreases with age
  13. Electrolytes
    NA = Sodium
    134-145 mEq/L
  14. Hypernatremia
    Increase of NA
  15. Hyponatremia
    • Loss of water
    • decrease of NA
  16. Potassium K+
    3.5-5.0 mEq/L

    Give diluted in 1000 ml of IV fluid
  17. Kyperkalemia
    • increased K+
    • Irregular HB, nausea
  18. Hypokalemia
    • Decreased K+
    • Lethargy, confusion, thirst, decreased BP
  19. Calcium (Ca)
    8.2-10.2
  20. Increased Ca
    Inflammatory diseases of lungs, certain cancers, meds, dehydration, excessive use of Vit. D
  21. Decreased Ca
    Surgery or damage to the parathyroid gland

    causes muscle tightening (cramps)
  22. Blood pH
    7.35-7.45
  23. Fasting glucose
    less than 110 mg/dL
  24. Random glucose
    less than 200
  25. Hemoglobin AIC
    HgbAIC
    • 4 - 5.5%
    • Measure of blood glucose bound to hemoglobin
  26. Coagulation tests
    Prothrombine time (PT)
    Measures how effective coumadin coagulates

    target is 2-3 seconds
  27. Coagulation tests
    INR
    Ratio between the PT result and normal

    less than 2 seconds
  28. Coagulation tests
    PTT
    Measures effectiveness of heparin

    25-39 seconds
  29. Normal coagulation
    10-13 seconds
  30. Pt's with heart valves
    2.5 - 3.5 seconds

    target = theraputic level

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