Ch. 20 Thoracic Imaging Terminology

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  1. Lucent tubular shadows running through areas of consolidation.
    Air bronchograms
  2. Refers to the increased visualization of pulmonary blood vessels on the chest x-ray in the non-dependent regions of the lung:often a sign of left heart failure.
  3. X-ray image of the chest. Both posterior-to-anterior, or PA, view and lateral, or side, view routinely obtained.
    Chest radiograph
  4. Radiographic technique that produces a film that represents a detailed cross section of tissue structure.
    Computed tomography
  5. Pus within the pleural space. A pleural fluid gram stain that shows bacteria also qualifies.
  6. Examination table used for computerized tomography (CT) scans.
  7. An air-fluid level in the pleural space.
  8. Non inflammatory accumulation of serous fluid in one or both pleural cavities.
  9. Fluid that passes through body tissues.
  10. Also known as ILD, respiratory disorder characterized by a dry, unproductive cough and dyspnea on exertion, X-ray films usually show fibriotic infiltrates in the lung tissue, usually in the lower lobes.
    Interstitial lung disease
  11. Thing lines seen near the pleural edge on a chest film as a result of increased pulmonary capillary pressures.
    Kerley B lines
  12. Atelectasis (collapsed portion of the lung) that is localized in a subsegmental portion of the lung.
    Plate atelectasis
  13. Presence of air or gas in the mediastinal tissues, which may lead to pneumothorax or pneumopericardium.
  14. Presence of air or gas in the pleural space of the thorax; if this air or gas is trapped under pressure, a tension pneumothorax exists.
  15. The power potential behind the electrical energy..-_- An image produced on a sensitive film by X-rays, gamma rays, or similar radiation, and typically used in medical examination.
  16. Pertaining to a substance or tissue that readily permits the passage of x-rays or other radiant energy; compare with radiopaque.
  17. Of or pertaining to a substance or tissue that does not readily permit the passage of x-rays or other radiant energy; compare with radiolucent.
  18. Conventional chest film named after Wilhelm Conrad Roentegen, who first discovered the x-ray beam, computed tomography (CT) scanning, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  19. A nodule that is less than 3 cm in diameter that is totally surrounded by aerated lung. Possible malignant nodule.
    Solitary Pulmonary Nodule
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Ch. 20 Thoracic Imaging Terminology
2011-09-04 19:01:21
Thoracic Imaging

Respiratory Terminology for Ch. 20-A Review Of Thoracic Imaging
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