FOUND CHPT 22 VOCAB PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT

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daisykfaith
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99743
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FOUND CHPT 22 VOCAB PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT
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2011-09-04 17:42:35
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FOUND CHPT 22 VOCAB PHYSICAL ASSESSMENT
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FOUND CHPT 22 VOCAB PHYSICAL ASSESSMENTythema
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  1. Ascites
    Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid within the peritoneal cavity
  2. Bruit
    A swishing sound heard on auscultation
  3. Ecchymosis
    Blue or purplish patch on the skin or mucous membrane that is not elevated; bruising
  4. Erythema
    Redness of the skin caused by congestion of the capillaries in the lower layers of the skin that occurs with any skin injury, infection, or inflammation
  5. Extension posture
    Arms are stiffly extended, adducted, and hyperpronated with hypertension of the legs and plantar flexion of the feet; indicates disruption of the motor fibers in the midbrain and brainstem
  6. Fissure
    A narrow slit
  7. Flexion posture
    Internal rotation and adduction of the arms with flexion of the elbows, wrists, and fingers resulting from neurologic injury and interruption of voluntary motor tracts; entension of the legs may also be seen
  8. Guaiac
    Test for blood in the stool
  9. Gurgles
    Wet sounds heard when auscultating the lungs; newer term for rhonchi
  10. Inspection
    Visual examination for detection of abnormal signs or qualities
  11. Integument
    Skin
  12. Jugular venous distention
    Visible thickening of the jugular veins when the patient is positoned in a 15-30 degree angle; assessed as a sign of CHF or overhydration
  13. Murmur
    A periodic sound of short duration of cardiac or vascular origin
  14. Pallor
    Paleness of the skin
  15. Patent
    Freely open
  16. Petechiae
    Pinpoint round purplish spots that are not raised caused by intradermal or submucosal hemorrhage
  17. Proctoscopic examination
    Examination of the rectum with a lighted instrument
  18. Rinne test
    A test to compare bone and air conduction of sound performed with a tuning fork
  19. Sanguineous
    Bloody
  20. Serosanguineous
    Composed of serum and blood
  21. Sigmoidoscopy
    an examination of the sigmoid colon using a lighted instrument
  22. Sore
    A term for a painful lesion of the skin or mucous membrane
  23. Speculum
    A short, funnel-like tube for examining canals
  24. Sputum
    Mucous secretions of the lungs ejected through the mouth
  25. Tinnitus
    A noise in the ears sich as ringing, buzzing, or roaring
  26. Tuning fork
    A forked metal instrument used to test hearing and the sense of vibration
  27. Vertigo
    A sensation of rotation or whirling movement; dizziness
  28. Weber test
    A test of bone conduction of sound performed with a tuning fork placed in the center of the forehead of the skull
  29. Wound
    Bodily injury caused by physical means with disruption of the skin or other structure

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