vocab 1

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vocab 1
2011-09-04 18:00:19
English vocabulary

AP English vocabulary cards
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  1. anaphora
    The repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses
  2. antimetabole
    The repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen a contrast
  3. aphorism
    A short, astute statement of a general truth
  4. appositive
    A word or phrase that renames a nearby noun or pronoun
  5. archaic diction
    The use of words common to an earlier time period; antiquated language
  6. Aristotelian triangle
    A diagram that represents a rhetorical situation as the relationship among the speaker, the subject, and the audience
  7. asyndeton
    Leaving out conjuctions between words, phrases, or clauses.
  8. colloquial/ism
    An informal or conversational use of language
  9. concession
    A reluctant acknowledgement or yielding
  10. cumulative sentence
    An independent clause followed by subordinate clauses or phrases that supply additional detail
  11. elegiac
    Mournful over what has passed or been lost; often used to describe tone
  12. epigram
    A brief, witty statement
  13. explication of text
    Explanation of a text's meaning through an analysis of all of its constituent parts, including the literary devices used; also called close reading
  14. hortatory
    Urging, or strongly encouraging
  15. imperative sentence
    A sentence that requests or commands
  16. induction
    Reasoning from specific to general
  17. inversion
    A sentence in which the verb precedes the subject
  18. metonymy
    Use of an aspect of something to represent the whole
  19. nominalization
    Turning a verb or adjective into a noun
  20. occasion
    An aspect of context; the cause or reason for writing
  21. periodic sentence
    A sentence that builds toward and ends with the main clause
  22. polemic
    An argument against an idea, usually regarding philosophy, politics, or religion
  23. polysyndeton
    The deliberate use of a series of conjuctions
  24. rhetorical modes
    Patterns of organization developed to achieve a specific purpose; modes include but are not limited to narration, description, comparison and contrast, cause and effect, definition, exemplification, classification and division, process analysis, and argumentation
  25. rhetorical triangle
    A diagram that represents a rhetorical situation as the relationship among the speaker, the subject, and the audience
  26. sentence patterns
    The arrangement of independent and dependent clauses into known sentence constructions - such as simple, compound, complex, or compound/complex
  27. straw man
    A logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, than attacking an opponent's position
  28. syllogism
    A form of deductive reasoning in which the conclusion is supported by a major and minor premise
  29. trope
    Artful diction; the use of language in a nonliteral way; also called a figure of speech
  30. zeugma
    A construction in which one word (usually a verb) modifies or governs - often in different, sometimes incongruent ways - two or more words in a sentence