Advanced Myofascial Techniques

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  1. The three regions that Fascia can be divided into:
    • Superficial -
    • Directly beneath the skin
    • Loose connective tissue and adipose tissue
    • Framework for nerves, blood vessel
    • Reduces heat loss
    • Provides mechanical protection
    • Deep -
    • Surrounds muscles, bones, nerves, blood vessels and organs
    • Made of dense irregular tissue
    • Allows free movement of muscles
    • Sub-Serous -
    • Located in CNS
    • Protects spinal cord and brain
  2. Fascia is important in...
    • Creating interstitial spaces
    • Supporting and protecting body tissue
    • Cellular respiration and metabolism
    • Venous and lymph flow
    • Shock absorption
    • Motion
  3. The functions of connective tissue are:
    • Supporting the body
    • Strength
    • Protects and insulates organs
    • Binds together tissues
    • Compartmentalises structures
  4. In the matrix of connective tissue, there are 3 different fibres that are found. What are they?
    • Collagen - White, tough, inelastic, parallel and strong.
    • This means it has limited flexibility
    • Elastin - Provides strength, it is smaller than collagen and can stretch up to 150%
    • Reticulin - Found in blood vessel walls, nerve fibres and fat cells. It is the framework for soft organs. e.g. spleen
  5. Ground substance has many functions, what are they?
    • Fills the spaces between the cells, acts like 'glue'
    • holds together connective tissue
    • Medium for cellular exchange
    • the viscosity and arrangement of fibres of matrix determine the strength of the CT
  6. Connective tissue is divided into 3 types by;
    the type of cell,
    and the ground substance and fibres present.
    What are the 3 types?
    • Dense Regular - Has high collagen numbers
    • Linear fibre arrangement
    • provides strength for ligaments and tendons
    • Dense Irregular - Found in fascial sheaths/ aponeurosis
    • multidirectional fibre alignment
    • strength in all directions
    • Loose irregular - In superficial and deep fascia
    • - multi directional orientation of collagen and elastin
    • - most elastic
    • - greatest potential for change
Card Set:
Advanced Myofascial Techniques
2011-09-05 04:50:34

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