Diagnosis L4 HEENT abnormal.txt

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Diagnosis L4 HEENT abnormal.txt
2011-09-15 13:52:21
Diagnosis L4 HEENT abnormal

Diagnosis L4 HEENT abnormal
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  1. If one eye is dilated and the other constricted, what type of cancer could be present?
    Lung Cancer
  2. Swollen optic disc
  3. White spots on tongue that rub off
  4. Dandruff
    Seborrheic dermatitis
  5. Baldness, abnormal hair loss
  6. pink, lumpy lesion on scalp that also appear on extensor surfaces
  7. Fungal infection of scalp
    Tinea capitis
  8. Round, moon face with increased adrenal hormone production
    Cushing's syndrome
  9. Expressionless face
    Parkinson's disease
  10. Overgrowth of face
  11. hypothyroidism, dull and puffy face with cold intolerance
  12. 47 chromosones, trisomy 21
    Down syndrome
  13. CN VII paralysis, hard to close one eye and to lift one side of mouth
    Bell's palsy
  14. Deviation of eyes from normally conjugate position
    • Strabismus
    • 1) Non-paralytic: imbalance of extraocular mm
    • 2) Paralytic: weakness or paralysis of one or more extraocular muscles
  15. Nonparalytic strabismus & eyes move inward
  16. Nonparalytic strabismus & eyes move outward
  17. dilated pupil, fixed to light and near effort
    Paralytic strabismus
  18. What happens if CN IV is dysfunctional?
    can't move eye down and medially
  19. Three signs of Horner's syndrome
    • 1) Ptosis: droopy eye lid
    • 2) miosis: constriction of pupil
    • 3) Anhidrosis: lack of sweat
  20. What occurs w/ Tonic (Adie's) Pupil?
    Pupil stays dilated (mydriasis) and has a slowed rxn due to damaged PSN destruction
  21. Condition if sthg is sprayed in eye and there is swelling
    Orbital contact dermatitis
  22. Eye completely swollen shut due to trauma or chemicals
    Periorbital cellulitis
  23. Swelling of Meibomian gland that points inward
  24. infection of eyelash follice that is outward
  25. Lid Inversion
  26. Lid eversion
  27. lacrimal sac inflammation
  28. Yellow nodule on the bulbar conjunctiva on either side of iris
  29. Scar-like tissue extending from medial canthus to cornea, yellow w/small blood vessels
  30. Jaundice of the eye
    Scleral Icterus
  31. Pink-eye common name
  32. engorged, radilly oriented vessels that stop outside of limbus
  33. blood vessels red around limbus w/ Hypopyon in anterior chamber
    • Uveitis
    • (Hypopyon:pus)
  34. Small amt of blood that covers cornea
    Subconjunctival hemorrhage
  35. Bleeding in anterior chamber
  36. You use fluorescein staining to identify these
    Corneal abrasions
  37. Middle of eye is white, dilated, and can't focus on objects
  38. A:V ratio
  39. cup:disc ratio
  40. Optic disc disappears, cause from temporal arteritis
    Ischemic optic neuropathy
  41. flame hemorrhages and cotton wool patches in eye
    Hypertensive retinopathy
  42. hemorrhage and exudates within eye
    Diabetic retinopathy
  43. Neovascularization within eye
    Proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  44. cupd:disc ration >1:2
    Glaucoma w/ cupping
  45. disappearance of disk, frequent with MS
    Optic atrophy
  46. good peripheral vision, but foggy central vision. Often leads to blindness in elderly.
    Macular degeneration
  47. uric acid crystals deposited in helix and antihelix
    Gouty tophi
  48. Middle ear filled w/ fluid
    Serous otitis media
  49. fluid filled TM that is dense and hard
    Acute otitis media
  50. viral infection of ear w/ hemorrhagic vesicles
    bullous myringitis
  51. swelling around start of ear canal
    external otitis
  52. Results of conduction loss w/ Weber test
    can hear sound in plugged ear louder than good ear
  53. results of sensorineural loss w/ weber test
    can hear in good ear but hear nothing in the other ear
  54. for Rinne test, what is normal for AC vs. BC
  55. With the Rinne test, what is the result if BC>AC
    unilateral conduction loss
  56. With the Rinne test, what is the result if AC>BC
    unilateral sensorineural
  57. midline of nose is off line
    Septal deviation
  58. What is epistaxis?
    Bloody nose
  59. soft translucent growths causing nasal obstruction and anosmia
    Nasal polyps
  60. soft, tender swelling of nose mucosa following trauma and causing obstruction
    Septal hematomas
  61. Name the two arteries involved in Epistaxis in the Kiesselback's area?
    • Anterior ethmoidal
    • Sphenopalatine
  62. benign, bony prominence in roof of mouth
    torus palatinus
  63. scarring and scabbing in corners of mouth, common in elderly
    Angular cheilitis
  64. tender, inflamed gums that bleed easily
    Marginal gingivits
  65. swollen gums, not tender
    Gingival hyperplasia
  66. white spots on tonsills caused by strep A causing swelling
    Exudative tonsillitis
  67. Sign to perform tonsillectomy, swollen and bumpy tonsils
    Tonsillar hypertrophy
  68. white, membranous exudate on tonsils
    Infectious mononucleosis
  69. black on tongue
    Hairy tongue
  70. deep crevices (fissures) in tongue
    Fissured tongue
  71. Papillary taste buds change in size and color. Benign growth of taste buds.
    Geographic tongue
  72. premalignant, common in HIV patients and are white spots that can't be removed
  73. Tumor in mouth
    Oral carcinoma
  74. enlarged goiter, caused by hyperthyroid
    Goiter (thyromegaly)
  75. What is a distended jugular vein a sign of?
    Cardiac myopathy, MI, etc...