Chapter 2: The Constitution

Card Set Information

Chapter 2: The Constitution
2011-09-05 17:32:48
AP Government

American Government Tenth Edition James Q. Wilson
Show Answers:

  1. Federalist Papers
    A series of articles defending and explaining the new Constitution written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. Pen name - "Publius".
  2. Shays Rebellion
    A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes.
  3. Bill of Attainder
    A law that declares a person, without a trial, to be guilty of a crime.
  4. Habeas Corpus
    An order to produce an arrested person before a judge.
  5. Electoral College
    consists of the electors appointed by each state who formally elect the President and Vice President of the United States.
  6. New Jersey Plan
    Proposal to create a weak national government.
  7. Natural Rights
    Life, liberty and property. A human right based on nature or God.
  8. Impeach
    to remove somebody such as a president or a judge from public office because of having committed serious crimes and misdemeanors or because of other gross misconduct
  9. Confederation
    One in which the states are sovereign and the national government is allowed to do only that which the states permit.
  10. Ex Post Facto Law
    Ex post facto laws retroactively change the rules of evidence in a criminal case, retroactively alter the definition of a crime, retroactively increase the punishment for a criminal act, or punish conduct that was legal when committed. They are prohibited by Article I, Section 10, Clause 1, of the U.S. Constitution. An ex post facto law is considered a hallmark of tyranny because it deprives people of a sense of what behavior will or will not be punished and allows for random punishment at the whim of those in power.
  11. Line Item Veto
    An executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature.
  12. Virginia Plan
    Proposal to create a strong national government.
  13. Great Compromise
    Plan to have a popularly elected House based on state population and a state-elected Senate, with two members for each state.
  14. Articles of Confederation
    A weak constitution that governed America during the Revolutionary War.
  15. Balanced Budget Amendment
    A balanced-budget amendment is a constitutional rule requiring that the state can not spend more than its income. It requires a balance between the projected receipts and expenditures of the government.