Chest

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Author:
johngallegos
ID:
99923
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Chest
Updated:
2011-09-05 20:01:39
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Chest
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Chest notes
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  1. Cell
    • basic building block of life.
    • 1. Nucleus

    • – central portion that contains the genetic material
  2. a. DNA

    - Deoxyribonucleic acid “Blueprint”
  3. b. RNA

    - Ribonucleic acid – (the messenger)
  4. 2. Cytoplasm

    – the living material outside the nucleus
  5. 3.

    Cellular(plasma) Membrane
  6. Infarction

    sudden loss of oxygen


  7. Semipermeable
  8. selectively allows things to go in and out of cell
  9. Organelles
    • mean little organs. Basically this means that organelles have specific roles to play in how cells work just like organs help the body to

    • function properly as a whole.
    • 1. Mitochondria

    • – converts food to energy
    • 2. Ribosome

    • 3. Golgi apparatus

  10. Intracellular activity

    • Mitosis

    • - is the process by which a eukaryotic cell separates the chromosomes in its
    • cell nucleus into two identical sets in two nuclei.
  11. Extracellular activity

    outside cell activity

  12. Tissues

    • groups of cells

    • working together.
  13. Muscle

    • 1. Muscle

    • – provides movement both voluntary and involuntary.
    • a. Skeletal

    • Muscle – voluntary, striated, striations perpendicular to the muscle fibers and
    • it is mainly found attached to bones
    • b. Cardiac

    • Muscle – involuntary, striated, branched and has intercalated discs
    • c. Smooth

    • Muscle (Viscera) – involuntary, nonstriated, spindle shaped and is found in
    • blood vessels & the GI tract.
  14. Epithelial

    • 1. Epithelial

    • – membranes or linings.
    • a. Serous

    • b. Synovial

    • – lubricates dyarthrodial joints
    • c. Mucous

    • membrane
  15. Nerve

    • 1.

    • Nerve – (conducts electrical impulses) is
    • composed of specialized cells which not only receive stimuli but also conduct
    • impulses to and from all parts of the body.
  16. 1. Connective

    • 1. Connective

    • A. Support

    • 1. Bone

    • a. Long

    • 1. Base

    • 2. Body,

    • shaft, diaphysis
    • 3. Head

    • b. Short

    • – cube like
    • c. Flat

    • (cortices) – outsides are parallel
    • d. Irregular

    • – vertebra
    • e. Sesamoid

    • – for strength
    • B. Binds

    • 1. Ligament

    • – bone to bone
    • 2. Tendon

    • – muscle to bone
    • 3. Cartilage

    • – shock absorber
  17. Organ

    • collection of

    • tissue working together for a function.
  18. System

    • group of organs

    • working together
  19. 1. Cardio-Vascular
    System

    • 1. Cardio-Vascular

    • System
    • a. Cardio

    • – heart
    • b. Vascular

    • 1. Arteries

    • – away from heart
    • 2. Veins

    • – towards heart
    • 3. Capillaries

    • – in between arteries and veins
  20. Blood

    • Blood

    • 1. Plasma

    • a. Water

    • b. Salts

    • 1. Maintain

    • Hydration (osmotic balance)
    • 2. Electrolytes

    • c. Carbs

    • d. Lipids

    • e. Protein

    • f. Antibodies

    • g. Waste

    • products
    • h. Fibrinogens

    • i. Hormones

    • 1. Cells

    • a. White

    • blood cells Erythrocyte (red blood cells)
    • b. Platelet

    • (clotting)
  21. Blood Flow of Heart

    • 1. Superior/Inferior

    • Vena Cava
    • 2. Right

    • atrium
    • 3. Right

    • Atrioventricular, Tricuspid valve
    • 4. Right

    • Ventricle
    • 5. Pulmonary

    • Valve
    • 6. Pulmonary

    • trunk
    • 7. Right/Left

    • Pulmonary Arteries
    • 8. Lung

    • 9. Right/Left

    • Pulmonary Veins
    • 10. Left

    • atrium
    • 11. Left

    • Atrioventricular, Bicuspid, Mitral Valve
    • 12. Left

    • Ventricle
    • 13.

    • Aortic Valve
  22. Heart

    • 1. Right

    • side feeds to and from lungs
    • 2.

    • Left side feeds though out the body
  23. Atherosclerosis
    a condition in which fatty material collects along the walls of arteries
  24. Respitory system –
    exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide

    • 1. Nasal cavity

    • 2. nasopharynx

    • 3. oral pharynx

    • 4. laryngo pharynx

    • 5. epiglottis trachea

    • 6. corina– split at the bottom of trachea hilum

    • 7. bronchus

    • 8. bronchioles

    • 9. alveolar duct

    • 10. alveolar sac

  25. Alveoli –

    functional unit of the lungs
  26. Heart – Electro-Cardio
    Gram (EKG)

    • 1. (P) SA Node

    • 2. (Q) AV Node

    • 3. (R) Bundle of His

    • 4. (S) Purkinje Fibers

    • 5. (T) SA Node recharge

  27. Nervous System

    • 1. Central

    • a. Brain

    • b. Spinal cord

    • 2. Peripheral

    • a. Anything outside of brain and spinal cord.

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