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  1. Cell
    • basic building block of life.
    • 1. Nucleus

    • – central portion that contains the genetic material

    • a. DNA

    • - Deoxyribonucleic acid “Blueprint”

    • b. RNA

    • - Ribonucleic acid – (the messenger)

    • 2. Cytoplasm

    • – the living material outside the nucleus

    • 3.

    • Cellular(plasma) Membrane
  2. Infarction

    sudden loss of oxygen


  3. Semipermeable


    selectively allows things to go in and out of cell
  4. Organelles
    • mean little organs. Basically this means that organelles have specific roles to play in how cells work just like organs help the body to

    • function properly as a whole.
    • 1. Mitochondria

    • – converts food to energy
    • 2. Ribosome

    • 3. Golgi apparatus

  5. Intracellular activity

    • Mitosis

    • - is the process by which a eukaryotic cell separates the chromosomes in its
    • cell nucleus into two identical sets in two nuclei.
  6. Extracellular activity

    outside cell activity

  7. Tissues

    • groups of cells

    • working together.
  8. Muscle

    • 1. Muscle

    • – provides movement both voluntary and involuntary.
    • a. Skeletal

    • Muscle – voluntary, striated, striations perpendicular to the muscle fibers and
    • it is mainly found attached to bones
    • b. Cardiac

    • Muscle – involuntary, striated, branched and has intercalated discs
    • c. Smooth

    • Muscle (Viscera) – involuntary, nonstriated, spindle shaped and is found in
    • blood vessels & the GI tract.
  9. Epithelial

    • 1. Epithelial

    • – membranes or linings.
    • a. Serous

    • b. Synovial

    • – lubricates dyarthrodial joints
    • c. Mucous

    • membrane
  10. Nerve

    • 1.

    • Nerve – (conducts electrical impulses) is
    • composed of specialized cells which not only receive stimuli but also conduct
    • impulses to and from all parts of the body.
  11. 1. Connective

    • 1. Connective

    • A. Support

    • 1. Bone

    • a. Long

    • 1. Base

    • 2. Body,

    • shaft, diaphysis
    • 3. Head

    • b. Short

    • – cube like
    • c. Flat

    • (cortices) – outsides are parallel
    • d. Irregular

    • – vertebra
    • e. Sesamoid

    • – for strength
    • B. Binds

    • 1. Ligament

    • – bone to bone
    • 2. Tendon

    • – muscle to bone
    • 3. Cartilage

    • – shock absorber
  12. Organ

    • collection of

    • tissue working together for a function.
  13. System

    • group of organs

    • working together
  14. 1. Cardio-Vascular
    System

    • 1. Cardio-Vascular

    • System
    • a. Cardio

    • – heart
    • b. Vascular

    • 1. Arteries

    • – away from heart
    • 2. Veins

    • – towards heart
    • 3. Capillaries

    • – in between arteries and veins
  15. Blood

    • Blood

    • 1. Plasma

    • a. Water

    • b. Salts

    • 1. Maintain

    • Hydration (osmotic balance)
    • 2. Electrolytes

    • c. Carbs

    • d. Lipids

    • e. Protein

    • f. Antibodies

    • g. Waste

    • products
    • h. Fibrinogens

    • i. Hormones

    • 1. Cells

    • a. White

    • blood cells Erythrocyte (red blood cells)
    • b. Platelet

    • (clotting)
  16. Blood Flow of Heart

    • 1. Superior/Inferior

    • Vena Cava
    • 2. Right

    • atrium
    • 3. Right

    • Atrioventricular, Tricuspid valve
    • 4. Right

    • Ventricle
    • 5. Pulmonary

    • Valve
    • 6. Pulmonary

    • trunk
    • 7. Right/Left

    • Pulmonary Arteries
    • 8. Lung

    • 9. Right/Left

    • Pulmonary Veins
    • 10. Left

    • atrium
    • 11. Left

    • Atrioventricular, Bicuspid, Mitral Valve
    • 12. Left

    • Ventricle
    • 13.

    • Aortic Valve
  17. Heart

    • 1. Right

    • side feeds to and from lungs
    • 2.

    • Left side feeds though out the body
  18. Atherosclerosis
    a condition in which fatty material collects along the walls of arteries
  19. Respitory system –
    exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide

    • 1. Nasal cavity

    • 2. nasopharynx

    • 3. oral pharynx

    • 4. laryngo pharynx

    • 5. epiglottis trachea

    • 6. corina– split at the bottom of trachea hilum

    • 7. bronchus

    • 8. bronchioles

    • 9. alveolar duct

    • 10. alveolar sac

  20. Alveoli –

    functional unit of the lungs
  21. Heart – Electro-Cardio
    Gram (EKG)

    • 1. (P) SA Node

    • 2. (Q) AV Node

    • 3. (R) Bundle of His

    • 4. (S) Purkinje Fibers

    • 5. (T) SA Node recharge

  22. Nervous System

    • 1. Central

    • a. Brain

    • b. Spinal cord

    • 2. Peripheral

    • a. Anything outside of brain and spinal cord.

Card Set Information

Author:
johngallegos
ID:
99923
Filename:
Chest
Updated:
2011-09-06 00:01:39
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Chest
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