policy chapter 1

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policy chapter 1
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  1. Social Services
    • A series of collective interventions
    • That contribute to the general welfare
    • Financed by one set of people who are said to produce or earn the national income
    • To another set of people who may merit compassion and charity
  2. Social Welfare Policy
    • A subset of Social Policy
    • That regulates the provision of benefits to meet basic life needs
    • Life needs: employment, income, food, housing, health care
  3. Role of social welfare in a society
    • Maintenance and survival of society
    • Enforcing social control
    • Subsidize employers to maintain work incentive
    • Support important industries
    • Maintain stable price structures and economic growth
    • Soften the transition when 1 job sector ends and another begins
    • Rectify past and currrent injustices
  4. How does social policy impact social work practice?
    • Drives and dictates how the work is done, with whom, for how much, and toward what ends
    • Determine the ability of the social worker and agency to accomplish their jobs
    • Effects staffing and availability of programs
    • one clients rather than helping the individual
    • Managed care - dictate how much a sw will be paid, how often they will see client, kinds of interventions
    • Effects day-to-day work as the micro theories in sw education
    • Dictates what is taught in direct SW practice
  5. Ideology
    • Framework of commonly held belief through which we view the world
    • What has value, what is right, good, and true
    • Assumed to be true
  6. Political Economy
    Refers to the interaction of political and economic theories in understanding society
  7. Democratic Capitalism
    • An open and representative form of government
    • That coexists with a market economy
  8. What is the political economy in the United States?
    Democratic Capitalism
  9. What is the role of social welfare in the United States' political economy?
    • Stabilize society by modifying the play of market forces and softening the social and economic inequities that the market generates
    • Allows society to remain in a state of more or less controlled balance
    • State provides social services
    • State regulates private activity to alter and sometimes improve the lives of citizens
  10. What are the 3 major schools of economics that dominate American economic thought?
    • 1. Keynesian
    • 2. Free Market Economics
    • 3. Democratic Socialism
  11. What is Keynesian Economics?
    • Active government intervention in the market place and monetary policy is the best method of ensuring economic growth and stability
    • Drives Liberalism amd most welfare state ideologies
    • Foundation f the modern welfare state
    • Believes in the Market Economy but wants to make it more responsive to human needs
    • Active government intervention in the marketplace
    • Government's job is to smooth out the bumps in the business cycles
    • Interventions come in the form of government spending and tax breaks to stimulate the economy
    • Tax hikes and spending cuts to curb inflation (good times)
  12. Which ideological perspective is guided by Keynesian economics - liberal or conservative?
    Liberal
  13. Which school of economics guides conservative ideological perspective?
    Free Market Economics
  14. What predicates the belief of free market economics?
    • A belief in many small buyers and sellers
    • Who exchange homogeneous products
    • In a setting in which each can freely enter and exit the marketplace at will.
  15. What is supply side economics?
    Trickle-down economics
    Voodo Economics
    • Reduction in taxes
    • Stimulate the economy through increased consumer spending
    • The increased economic growth will generate a larger tax base
    • Which makes up for the revenue lost from the tax cut
  16. What is public choice school?
    • Bureaucrats are self-interested
    • Strong incentives exist for interest groups to make demands on government
    • Resulting concessions flow directly to the interest group
    • Costs are spread among all taxpayers
  17. Result of Public Choice
    • Strong demands for government benefits accompanied by declining revenues
    • Lead to government borrowing
    • Results in large budget deficits
    • View Social Welfare as a series of endless concessions to disadvantaged groups that will eventually bankrubp the government
  18. What is Democratic Socialism?
    • Belief that radical economic change can occur within a democratic context
    • Combines democracy and socialism
    • Politically involves a commitment to popular, constitutional rule and protection of basic rights
    • Economically: involves an equitaable distribution of the community's wealth
    • Economic life must be publicly owned or socially controlled to ensue this equitable distribution
    • All people have the right to fulfill their good and creative potential
  19. What is Socialism?
    Collective or governmental ownership and administration of the means of production and distribution of goods
  20. Liberalism
    • Believe in government action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all
    • Duty of government to alleviate social ills, protect civil liberties, and individual human rights
    • No one is in need
    • Government to solve problems
    • Democrats - Left
  21. Neoliberalism
    • More cautious of government and more forgiving of large corporations
    • New Deal stuff too expensive
    • Distanced themselves from large scale welfare programs
    • Called for: personal responsibility, work, and thrift
    • Argued for reduced governmental spending
    • Encouraged businesses to assume more responsibility for the welfare of the population
    • 2 types of spending good (education, research, job training)
    • Bad (welfare and price supports)
  22. What is the self-reliance school?
    • Industrial economic models are irrelevant to the economic needs of poor and are damaging to the spiritual life of people
    • Quality of life cannot be measured by material acquisitions
    • Stressed a balanced economy based on real needs of people
    • Culture should be considered
    • More is less and less is more
    • Objective is: Creation of a no-poverty society in which economic life is organized arougn issues of subsistence rather than trad and economic expanison
    • Accepts the need for social welfare programs especially regarding dislocations caused by industrialization
    • Local solutions to social problems
    • Opposite of conventional wisdom of the welfare state
  23. What is Classic Conservatism?
    • Used to be Republicans
    • Strict constitutionalists
    • Separation of church and state
    • Limited, weaker Federal government
    • Believed that people have the right to live life as they pleas, as long as they do not hurt anyone else in the process
    • Personal responsibilty
    • Traditional American Values
    • Strong National Defense
    • People solve problems
    • Did not actively attack welfare programs
  24. What is Neoconservatism?
    • Sought to arrest the growth in welfare programs
    • Transferring as much welfare responsibility from government to the private sector.
    • Maintained tha high unempoloyment was good for the economy
    • Health care should remain in the private marketplace
    • Competitive income structures were critical to productivity
    • Income inequality was socially desireable because social policies that promote equality encourage coercion, limit individual freedom, and damage the economy
    • Abortion, school prayer were not hot button items
    • Forerunner of cultural conservatism
  25. What is Cultural Conservatism?
    • Weaker Federal government
    • But demand government use its power to mess with what they believed to be immoral: abortion, and gays
    • Raged against governmental intrusion in the marketplace
    • But wanted the government ot advance social objectives in the areas that fit their agenda: anti welfare, sexual abstinence, school prayer, abortion and anti gay rights
    • Wanted it both ways:
    • No touch Free Market
    • Mess with social issues
  26. Define Libertarians
    • NO government regulation
    • Defends the rights of the individual
    • All people have the right to live in whatever manner they choose
    • Governments must not violate the right of any individual
    • Government growth occurs at the expense of the individual freedom
    • Proper role for the government i to provide a police force and military that possess only defensive weapons
    • Highly critical of taxation because it fuels governmental growth
    • Oppose the income tax
    • Advocates the decriminalizton of narcotis
    • Believe that government should intercede in social affairs only when an individual's behavior threatens the safety of others
  27. A series of collective interventions
    That contribute to the general welfare
    Financed by one set of people who are said to produce or earn the national income
    To another set of people who may merit compassion and charity
    Social Services
  28. A subset of Social Policy that regulates the provision of benefits to meet basic life needs
    Life needs: employment, income, food, housing, health car
    Social Welfare Policy
  29. Maintenance and survival of society
    Enforcing social control
    Subsidize employers to maintain work incentive
    Support important industries
    Maintain stable price structures and economic growth
    Soften the transition when 1 job sector ends and another begins
    Rectify past and currrent injustices
    Role of Social Welfare In Society
  30. Drives and dictates how the work is done, with whom, for how much, and toward what ends
    Determine the ability of the social worker and agency to accomplish their jobs
    Effects staffing and availability of programsone clients rather than helping the individual
    Managed care - dictate how much a sw will be paid, how often they will see client, kinds of interventions
    Effects day-to-day work as the micro theories in sw education
    Dictates what is taught in direct SW practice
    How does social policy impact social work practice?
  31. Framework of commonly held belief through which we view the world
    What has value, what is right, good, and true
    Assumed to be true
    Ideology
  32. Refers to the interaction of political and economic theories in understanding society
    Political Economy
  33. An open and representative for of government
    That coexists with a market economy
    Democratic Capitalism
  34. To stabilize society by modifying the play of market forces
    Softening the social and economic inequitities that the market generates
    Allows society to remain in a state of more or less controlled balance
    State provides social services
    regulates private activity
    What is the role of social welfare in the United States' political economy?
  35. 1. Keynesian
    2. Free Market
    3. Democratic Socialism
    What are the 3 major schools of economics that dominates American economic thought?
  36. Economics that:
    Believes in active intervention in the market place and monetary policy is the best method of ensuring economic growth
    Drives Liberalism and welfare state ideologies
    Foundation of the modern welfare state
    Believes in Market economy but wants it to make it more responsive to human needs
    Keynesian
  37. Reduction in taxes
    Stimulates the economy through increased consumer spending
    The increased economic growth will generate a larger tax base
    Making up for the revenue lost from the tax cut
    Supply Side Economics
  38. Bureaucrats are self-interested
    Strong incentives exist for interest groups to make demands on government
    Resulting concessions flow directly to the interest group
    Costs are spread among all taxpayers
    Public Choice School
  39. Belief that radical economic change can occur
    Combines democracy and socialism
    involves an equitable distribution of the community's wealth
    Publicly owned or socially controlled to ensure equitable distribution
    Democratic Socialism
  40. Collective or governmental ownership and administration of the means of production and distribution of goods
    Socialism
  41. Believe in government action to achieve equal opportunity and equality for all
    Duty of government to alleviate social ills, protect civil liberties, and individual human rights
    No one is in need
    Government to solve problemsDemocrats - Left
    Liberalism
  42. More cautious of government and more forgiving of large corporations
    New Deal stuff too expensive
    Distanced themselves from large scale welfare programs
    Called for: personal responsibility, work, and thrift
    Argued for reduced governmental spending
    Encouraged businesses to assume more responsibility for the welfare of the population
    2 types of spending good (education, research, job training)
    Bad (welfare and price supports)
    Neoliberalism
  43. Industrial economic models are irrelevant to the economic needs of poor
    They are damaging to the spiritual life of people
    Quality of life cannot be measured by material acquisitions
    Stressed a balanced economy based on real needs of people
    Culture should be considered
    More is less and less is more
    Objective is: Creation of a no-poverty society in which economic life is organized arougn issues of subsistence rather than trade and economic expanison
    Accepts the need for social welfare programs especially regarding dislocations caused by industrialization
    Local solutions to social problems
    Opposite of conventional wisdom of the welfare state
    Self Reliance School
  44. Used to be Republicans
    Strict constitutionalists
    Separation of church and state
    Limited, weaker Federal government
    Believed that people have the right to live life as they pleas, as long as they do not hurt anyone else in the process
    Personal responsibilty
    Traditional American Values
    Strong National Defense
    People solve problems
    Did not actively attack welfare programs
    Classic Conservativism
  45. NeoConservatism
    • Sought to arrest the growth in welfare programs
    • Transferring as much welfare responsibility from government to the private sector.
    • Maintained tha high unempoloyment was good for the economy
    • Health care should remain in the private marketplace
    • Competitive income structures were critical to productivity
    • Income inequality was socially desireable because social policies that promote equality encourage coercion, limit individual freedom, and damage the economy
    • Abortion, school prayer were not hot button items
    • Forerunner of cultural conservatism
  46. Weaker Federal government
    But demand government use its power to mess with what they believed to be immoral: abortion, and gays
    Raged against governmental intrusion in the marketplace
    But wanted the government ot advance social objectives in the areas that fit their agenda: anti welfare, sexual abstinence, school prayer, abortion and anti gay rights
    Wanted it both ways:
    No touch Free Market
    Mess with social issues
    Cultural Conservatism
  47. NO government regulation
    Defends the rights of the individual
    All people have the right to live in whatever manner they choose
    Governments must not violate the right of any individual
    Government growth occurs at the expense of the individual freedom
    Proper role for the government is to provide a police force and military that possess only defensive weapons
    Highly critical of taxation because it fuels governmental growth
    Oppose the income tax
    Advocates the decriminalizton of narcotis
    Believe that government should intercede in social affairs only when an individual's behavior threatens the safety of others
    Libertarians

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