Chapter 2 Terms

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  1. Law based on the U.S Constitution
    Constitutional Law
  2. Law that is deried from society's acceptance of customs and norms over time. Also called case law or judge-made law
    Common Law
  3. Law created by law-making bodies such as Congress and State Assemblies. Also called statutory Law
    Legislative Law
  4. Law that is enacted by governmental agencies at either the federal or state level. Also called regulatory law
    Administrative Law
  5. Division of the legal system that deals with wrongs committed against society or its members
    Criminal Law
  6. The division of the legal system that deals with noncriminal issues and conflicts between two or more parties
    Civial Law
  7. A civil wrong committed by one individual against another
  8. Range of duties and skills paramedics are allowed and expected to perform
    Scope of practice
  9. Exepmption from legal liability
  10. Laws that provide immunity to certain perople who assist at the scene of a medical emergency
    Good Samaritan Law
  11. Deviation from accepted standards of care recognized by law for the protection of others against the unreasonable risk of harm
  12. A formal contractual or informal legal obligation to provide care
    Duty to Act
  13. An action or inaction that violates the standard of care expected from a paramedic
    Breach of Duty
  14. The degree of care, skill, and judgement that would be expected under like or similar circumstances by a similarly trained, reasonalbe paramedic in the same community
    Standard of Care
  15. A breach of duty by performance of a wrongful or unlawful act
  16. A breach of duty by performance of a legal act in a manner that is harmful or injurious
  17. A breach of duty by failure to perform a required act of duty
  18. A legal doctrine invoked by plaintiffs to support a claim of negligence,
    it is a Latin term that means "the thing speaks for its self
    Res Ipsa Loquitur
  19. Refers to compensable physical, psychological, or financial harm
    Actual Damages
  20. Action or inaction of the paramedic that immediately caused or worsened the damage suffered by the patient
    Proximate Cause
  21. The principle of law that prohibits the release of medical or other personal information about a patient without the patient's consent
  22. An intentional false communication that injures another person's reputation or good name
  23. The act of injuring a person's character, name, or reputation by false statements made in writing or through the mass media with malicious intent or reckless disregard for the falsity of those statements
  24. Act of injuring a person's character , name, or reputation by false of malicious statements spoken with malicious intent or reckless disregard for the falsity of those statements
  25. Patient's granting of permission for treatment
  26. Able to make an informed decision about medical care
  27. Consent for treatment that is given based on full disclosure of information
    Informed consent
  28. Verbal, Nonverbal, or writtent communication by a patient that he/she wishes to receive medical care
    Expressed consent
  29. Consent for treatment that is presumed for a patient who is mentally, physically, or emotionally unable to grant consent. Also called Emergency Doctrine
    Implied Consent
  30. Consent to treatment granted by the authority of a court order
    Involuntary Consent
  31. Depending on state law, this is usually a person under the age of 18
  32. A person under 18 who is married, pregnant, a parent, a member of the armed forces, or financially independent and living away from home
    Emancipated Minor
  33. Termination of the paramedic-patient relationship without assurance that an equal or greater level of care will continue
  34. An act that unlawfully places a person in apprehension of immediate bodily harm without his consent
  35. The unlawful touch of another individual without their consent
  36. Intentional and unjustifiable detention of a person without his consent or other legal authority
    False Imprisonment
  37. The minimal amount of force necessary to ensure that an unruly or violent person doesn ot cause injury to himself/herself or others
    Reasonalbe Force
  38. A document create to ensure that certain treatment choices are honored when a patient is unconscious or otherwise unable to express his/her choice of treatment
    Advance Directive
  39. A legal document that allows a person to specify the kinds of medical treatment he/she wishes to recieve should the need arise
    Living Will
  40. Legal document, usually signed by the patient adn his/her physician, that indicates to medical personnel which, if any, life-sustaining measures should be taken when the patient's hear and respiratory functions have ceased
    Do Not Resuscitate (DNR)
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Chapter 2 Terms

Chapter 2 Vocab
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