United States History Chapter 4
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Why did Great Britain issue the "Proclamation of 1763" and what was its intended purpose?
Because settlers could not settle in Indian Territory but they did anyway, also banned settlement West of the Appalachian Mountains. This also put tax on foreign goods that were passing through.
What is a "Duty"? Explain in detail.
A Duty is Import Tax, as a way to increase revenue to repair for the increase in debt after the French and Indian war (Even though the British won)
Explain the Sugar act and the colonists' response to this act.
(1764) This act was not very popular, but it taxed foreign goods, such as Gin and spirits.
Explain the Stamp Act and the Colonists' response to this act.
(1765)This act was very popular as it taxed on all printed items. This bothered the colonists to the point where they were very angry. This caused the start of the sons of liberty which was a committee of lawyers, artisans, merchants, etc. (leader was Samuel Adams)
Explain the Quartering Act and the Colonists' response to this act.
(1765)Not a very popular act. Government forced colonists' to house and feed soldiers that were present in the colony.
Explain the Townshend Act and the Colonists' response to this act.
(1767) Placed even more taxes on common items. Accompanied by the "Writs of assistance" which is basically a search warrent in modern days.
What was the "Boston Massacre" and how did this event rally and stir colonists' passions?
(1770) Rebels who were against the Stamp Act. This was between the British and the Colonists.
What was the Tea Act of 1773?
Passed by Parliment in the year 1773, which excused companies from paying certain duties and allowed to sell tea directly to American Agents.
What were the Intolerable Acts of 1774?
- The Intolerable Acts of 1774 were part of or also known as the Coercive Acts which consisted of four Laws that were meant to punish the colonists and massachussettes. The four laws were:
- - Closed the port of boston until what was damaged (the tea that was dumped in the sea) was paid for.
- - Needed a more effective way to House British in the Americas (like the Quartering Acts times two)
- -Needed special permission to have town meetings
- - Passing of the Murder Act, which allowed British to escape unjustly trials.
Why were the Tea Act and the Intolerable Acts so offensive to the colonists'?
What was the Purpose of the first and second Continental Congress's? Explain.
Both congress's did not make laws but it was a place for colonists' to consider their options against the British. In the First Congress (september 5- october 26, 1774) it was a place for the colonies' delegates (except Georgia) to discuss their grievances and independence.
During the Second Congress (May 10) colonists' agreed to establish the Continental Army for the defense of the American Liberty and they elected General George Washington to lead it because of his experience within the battlefield.
Patriot farmers who were men of the militia who promised to be ready at a minutes notice.
Who were Paul Revere and William Dawes, what were they known for?
Colonial Patriots who stood by the harbor and alerted the neighborhood of lexington and Concord (which is in Boston) that they British were coming.
Describe in detail the "Battle of Boston"
Took place in Bunker and Breeders Hill. Eventhough the British won the Patriots had the advantage of geography. This is also the battle where the British suffered over 1,000 Casualties.
Who were Patrick Henry and Thomas Paine and what are they known for?
Both were supporters for Independence. Patrick Henry was a Virginia Delegate to the Continental Congress; quoted "Give me Liberty, Give me Death"
Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense (January 1776) which stirred the need of Revolution. Also he's an immigrant from Britain living in Philidelphia.
What was the "Declaration of Independence", who wrote this document, what is it based on and what does it declare?
The Declaration of Independence was a document that was made to seperate the colonies from British control. Written by Thomas Jefferson; Based on the Virginia Bill of rights. Declares the right of the people "to alter or abolish" a government that deprives them of these "unalienable Rights"
What was the difference between a Loyalist and a Patriot?
A Loyalists was still loyal to the British Crown and Britain, so they ignored the Declaration for Independence. A Patriot supported the need for Independence.
What challenges did the Continental Army face?
The challenges that the Continental Army faced were low supplies, few soldiers, and poor hygiene (most would die of disease)
Describe the differences and similarities between the American and British military forces.
The american soldiers were untrained and from the rural areas of the colonies; they had some Native Americans and slaves on their side. British forces however were trained for battle and also had a majority of the Native Americans fighting for them.
As Great Britain continued to oppress the colonists, Bostonians created the _____________ to keep the rest of the world informed about Britain's actions.
Committee of Correspondence
The Boston Tea Party was a response to the _________ of 1773.
Angered by the Boston Tea Party, Britain tried to punish Boston and the rest of Masschusettes with what the colonists called the _______________
The _________ granted full religious freedom to French Roman Catholics.
Delegates to the _____________ in 1774 called for a ban on all trade with Britain, prompting King George to order an attack on the colonies.
First Continental Congress
The first military clashes between the British and the Colonists occured at________.
Lexington & Concord
The Continental Army was established at the __________.
Second Continental Congress
The British won the battle at ___________ despite suffering over 1,000 casualties.
The Continental Congress sent the ____________ to King George in an attempt to resolve the conflict.
Olive Branch Petition
List the key British Military victories of the Revolutionary War.
- - Brookland Heights (1776)
- - Camden (1780)
- -Lexington and Concord
- - Bunker Hill
List the key American victories of the Revolutionary war.
- -Battle of Trenton (1776)
- - Battle of Princeton
- - Battle of Saratoga (New York)
List the Main British Military Leaders of the Rev. war.
- -General Charles Cornwallis
- -Gentlemen "Johnny" Burgoyne
- -William Howe
- -Thomas Gage
List the Main American Military Leaders of the Rev. war.
- - General George Washington
- -George Rogers Clark
- -Marquais de Lafayette
- -Francis Marion
- -Bernardo De Galvez
- -Nathaniel Green
- -Ben Franklin
What battle gained European aid for the colonies and what foreign countries helped.
Battle of Saratoga; the foreign countries that aided the colonists were France and Spain.
What was the decisive battle of the Rev war and where did it occur? explain.
Battle of Yorktown (Virginia). The British were outnumbered by Patriot and French Forces so the group decided to admit defeat.
What Treaty ended the Rev war and what were the provisions of the Treaty.
Treaty of Paris, the provisions of the treaty granted U.S independence.
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