Wheelock's Latin: Cases
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What does the 'Nominative Case' emphasize in Latin?
- The 'Nominative Case' emphasizes more commonly the subject of a finite verb.
- Ex. The "poet" is giving the girl large roses (or is giving large roses to the girl).
- Linking Verbs: Sum, Esse
What does the 'Genitive Case' emphasize in Latin?
- The 'Genitive Case' emphasizes a noun when it modifies/limits another noun.
- Ex. Without money the "girls' (or the country of the girls)" country is not strong.
- Tends to be possessive, commonly accompanied by "of or an apostrophe ('s or s')", and generally follows the noun it modifies.
What does the 'Dative Case' emphasize in Latin?
- The 'Dative Case' emphasizes a noun that is indirectly affected by the action of the verb.
- Ex. The poet is giving the "girl" large roses (or is giving large roses to the "girl").
- Commonly accompanied by "to or for".
What does the 'Accusative Case' emphasize in Latin?
- The 'Accusative Case' emphasizes a noun that serves as the direct object of the verb.
- Ex. The girls are giving the poet's "roses" to the sailors.
- Object Of A Preposition is created when "ad, in, post" is positioned before the direct object.
What does the 'Ablative Case' emphasize in Latin?
- The 'Ablative Case' emphasizes a noun that modifies/limits the verb.
- Ex. (see below)
- Ablative: of means "by/with what: pecunia - with money", of agent "by whom: ab puella - by the girl", of accompaniment "with whom: cum poeta - with the poet", of manner "how: cum ira - with anger", of place "where/from which: in/ex patria - in/from the country", and of time "when/within which: una hora - in one hour"
What does the 'Vocative Case' emphasize in Latin?
- The 'Vocative Case' emphasizes a noun that is being called upon directly or that is being directly addressed.
- Ex. (N/A)
- Noramally seen in the nominative, and is sometimes seen with the interjection, "O".
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