What does the 'Nominative Case' emphasize in Latin?
The 'Nominative Case' emphasizes more commonly the subject of a finite verb.
Ex. The "poet" is giving the girl large roses (or is giving large roses to the girl).
Linking Verbs: Sum, Esse
What does the 'Genitive Case' emphasize in Latin?
The 'Genitive Case' emphasizes a noun when it modifies/limits another noun.
Ex. Without money the "girls' (or the country of the girls)" country is not strong.
Tends to be possessive, commonly accompanied by "of or an apostrophe ('s or s')", and generally follows the noun it modifies.
What does the 'Dative Case' emphasize in Latin?
The 'Dative Case' emphasizes a noun that is indirectly affected by the action of the verb.
Ex. The poet is giving the "girl" large roses (or is giving large roses to the "girl").
Commonly accompanied by "to or for".
What does the 'Accusative Case' emphasize in Latin?
The 'Accusative Case' emphasizes a noun that serves as the direct object of the verb.
Ex. The girls are giving the poet's "roses" to the sailors.
Object Of A Preposition is created when "ad, in, post" is positioned before the direct object.
What does the 'Ablative Case' emphasize in Latin?
The 'Ablative Case' emphasizes a noun that modifies/limits the verb.
Ex. (see below)
Ablative: of means "by/with what: pecunia - with money", of agent "by whom: ab puella - by the girl", of accompaniment "with whom: cum poeta - with the poet", of manner "how: cum ira - with anger", of place "where/from which: in/ex patria - in/from the country", and of time "when/within which: una hora - in one hour"
What does the 'Vocative Case' emphasize in Latin?
The 'Vocative Case' emphasizes a noun that is being called upon directly or that is being directly addressed.
Noramally seen in the nominative, and is sometimes seen with the interjection, "O".